Eczema is a group of unconnected diseases that have a similar form. If it is new eczema, the damaged skin appears red and elevated with small blisters that contains a clear fluid. When the blisters break, the affected skin will weep and drain. Older eczema, chronic eczema, the sores are less bulging and the skin is elevated, thickened and scaling. Eczema is always very itchy.
Types of Eczema
There are several types of eczema. Variants include:
- Contact eczema – a localized response where the skin has come into contact with an allergen
- Neurodermatitis – scaly patches of skin on forearms, head, lower legs, or wrists triggered by localized itch such as an insect bite
- Dyshidriotic eczema – irritation of skin on palms of hands and soles of feet, characterized by blisters
- Seborrheic eczema – the scalp or face becomes oily and scaly yellowish.
- Stasis dermatitis – skin irritation on lower legs, normally related to circulatory problems.
Causes of Eczema
The specific cause of eczema is still unknown, but many believed that the development of this is due to combination of hereditary and environmental factors.
Environmental factors that can bring out eczema include:
- Foods:dairy products, seeds, soy products, eggs, nuts, and wheat
- Microbes:bacteria such as certain fungi, Staphylococcus aureus, viruses,
- Irritants:shampoos, soaps, detergents, meats or vegetables, juices from fresh fruits, disinfectants,
- Allergens: dandruff, pets, dust mites, pollens, mold
- Hot and cold temperatures:high and low humidity, hot weather, perspiration from exercise
Its Signs and Symptoms
Sometimes medical professionals state that eczema as “the itch that rashes.” Some symptoms that are involved in eczema are the following:
- Intense itching
- Rash appears as red and has bumps of different sizes
- Rash becomes itchy and may burn.
- When scratched, it may ooze and crusty.
- The person may have one or more round areas of eczema that is referred as nummular eczema and confused with fungal infections.
- Development of red bumps, clear fluid-filled bumps.
- Itching that interferes with sleep.
Treatment for the condition aims to alleviate the affected kin and avoid flaring of the symptoms. It is based on the person’s age, symptoms and state of health.
Take these several tips to treat eczema.
- Taking regular warm baths
- Applying moisturizer within 3 min of bathing to “lock in” moisture
- Every day moisturizing of the skin
- Wear cotton and soft fabrics. Avoid rough, scratchy fibers and tight-fitting clothing
- Use of mild soap or a non-soap detergent when washing
- Air drying or softly pat skin with a dry towel, rather than rubbing skin dry after bath
- Prevent fast alterations of temperature and actions that make you sweat (where possible)
- Learning individual eczema irritates and avoiding them
- Using a humidifier in dry or cold weather
- Keeping fingernails short to avoid scratching from breaking skin.