Belching or burping is also known as eructation. It is a way of releasing gas from the digestive tract through the mouth. A typical odor or sound can be heard when releasing the gas. Infants and adults belch or burp in order to release excess air that has been swallowed. Belching relieves the discomfort in the abdomen due to excess air.
Belching can be a habit to some people and not related to build up of air in the stomach. Some people belch due to any abdominal discomfort to eliminate gas and lessen the discomfort.
Belching is also symptom of a digestive disorder such as gas, bloating, and acidity or other conditions.
Symptoms of belching
- Frequently feeling hungry
- Constant pain can be felt in the upper abdomen
- Burning sensation or pain can be felt in the stomach after 1-4 hours of eating a meal.
- Heartburn or burning pain the chest behind the sternum or breastbone which happens after meals.
- Loss of appetite, nausea, bitter taste in the mouth, vomiting and belching.
- Dyspepsia which a burning or an aching pain in the upper abdomen can be felt as a stabbing sensation penetrating the gut.
- Abdominal bloating which is a sensation of tight and swelling stomach.
- Consumption of carbonated and alcoholic beverages
- Taking medications such as antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and aspirin.
- Eating too fast
- Eating too much in just one sitting
- Eating while emotionally upset
- Suffering from peptic ulcers
- Suffering from gastritis or inflammation of the stomach
- Eating greasy, spicy and high-fat foods
- Consume small meals and eat slowly.
- Avoid excessive consumption of chocolate and onions to prevent excessive burping.
- Minimize being stressed, perform some relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation to lessen the belching especially if the affected person is nervous or having a high-stress job.
- Avoid foods that cause production of excessive acid in the stomach such as spicy, acidic and salty foods
- If suffering from cold or allergies, it causes the affected person to swallow excessive air. Take the prescribed over-the-counter nasal decongestant to lessen belching and relieve the nasal symptoms.
- Wear properly fitted dentures to prevent chewing of food abnormally and swallowing plenty of air.
- Consume organic fat-free or low fat milk to minimize the acidity of the stomach.
- Avoid eating and drinking very fast to prevent gulping plenty of air together with the foods.
- Chew well the food with the mouth closed and avoid talking while eating.
- Avoid using straw when drinking, instead sip directly on the glass slowly.
- Steam vegetables instead of boiling to keep the natural enzymes that aids in digestion.