Breast pain is also known as mastalgia which involves tenderness of the breast, tightness of the tissue of the breast or sharp burning pain that can be constant or happens occasionally. It affects the person in just a few days or even months. It can also manifest before a menstruation period and can also last for seven days or more every month.
Post-menopausal women can suffer from breast pain but it is more common in premenopausal, peri-menopausal and younger women. There are two types of pain in the breast – cyclic and non-cyclic breast pain.
Cyclic breast pain
- Caused by the menstrual cycle
- There is swelling or lumpiness of the breast
- Dull and heavy aches
- The pain becomes severe during the weeks up to the beginning of the menstruation period and minimized afterward
- It usually affects both the breast, usually the upper and outer area and spreads to the underarm
- It is usually experienced by women in their 20s and 30s before the menopause and women in their 40s who are near their menopausal period.
Non-cyclic breast pain
- Not caused by the menstrual cycle
- Pain is constant and intermittent
- Pain can be burning, tight or sore
- Usually experienced by women after their menopausal period
- Usually affects one breast and in just one area, but can spread to the other breast
- Cyclic breast pain can be caused by hormones and the menstrual cycle and just disappears during pregnancy or menopause.
- Non-cyclic breast pain can be caused by the structure of the breast like trauma on the breast, breast cysts, previous surgery of the breast and other factors affecting the breast.
- Taking hormonal medications such as infertility treatments and oral birth control pills can cause breast pain. Tenderness of the breast can be caused by the side effects of progesterone and estrogen hormone therapy.
- Women with large breasts can experience noncyclic breast pain and pain can also be experienced in the shoulder, neck and the back.
- Apply hot or cold compress on the breast. Place a few ice cubes in a plastic bag, wrap with a wash cloth and apply to each breast for at least 10 minutes at several times every day until pain is reduced. The cold compress helps in making the affected area numb and lessens the swelling and pain.
- Massage the breast in order to lessen inflammation and increase circulation of blood, maintain healthy tissue of the breast, promotes the delivery of to the breast and also prevent tenderness and pain. Massage the breast regularly in order to help make them healthy and pain free.
- In a glass filled with warm water, add 1-2 teaspoon of raw, unfiltered apply cider vinegar then mix it with a few drops of honey. Mix well and drink this solution at least twice every day. Apple cider vinegar helps eliminate toxins from the body and lessens the accumulation of fluid and regulates the hormones.