A chilblain is a skin disorder during winter season which is a mild type of frostbite. It is a painful and itchy inflammation that develops on the hands, feet and ears and this disorder happens only during cold weather conditions. It is caused by the reduced circulation of blood in the area and there is a need of rinsing the hands and feet using warm water when affected by this condition.
Chilblains is also known as pernio where there is swelling, redness, blistering and itching usually on the fingers, toes, nose and ears and subsides for a couple of weeks after being treated, but can recur for years during very cold weather.
- Changes in the color of the skin from red to bluish-purple
- Itching of the affected areas of the hands and feet
- Burning sensation
- Women are more susceptible of getting chilblains and the reason for this is unknown.
- Exposure to cold temperatures and then warmed can put an individual at high risk for developing chilblains
- People who are underweight are susceptible to develop chilblains
- Chilblains happen between the months of November and April.
- Wearing ill-fitting shoes that cause pressure on the skin can cause chilblains
- People experiencing poor circulation of blood are prone to the condition
- People who consume too much of alcohol and habitual smokers are at risk of developing the condition.
- Elevate the affected area of the body in order to help lessen the swelling. It is recommended to remain indoors and avoid further exposure to cold. The body needs to adapt to temperature that is warm.
- Once the body has already adjusted to the temperature, start to massage the affected area in order to help improve the circulation of blood in the area.
- Apply over-the-counter medication ointment directly on the blisters in order to help lessen pain. Avoid applying the ointment if blisters are oozing fluids or bleeding and avoid applying ointment on cracked skin in order to prevent the condition from getting worse.
- Perform exercises regularly at least for 30 minutes in order to help improve blood circulation in all parts of the body and help minimize blisters such as jogging, walking, swimming and cardiovascular workouts for increased blood flow in the area.
- Apply some lemon juice on the blisters to lessen the inflammation. Fresh lemon wedges can also be applied to the affected area. Just remember that it might sting a bit but helps with the condition.
- Boil some slices of potato for 15 minutes, let it cool until it is warm enough and soak the affected area in the solution for at least 10 minutes helps lessen pain and inflammation.
- Eat foods rich in calcium, essential fatty acids and vitamins since these are helpful for the skin and promote fast healing of the blisters and the affected skin.