Cold feet are normal condition usually a reaction to cold temperature or as a reaction to anxiety. If cold feet are suspected, the blood vessels found in areas of the feet and other areas such as the nose constrict in order to help minimize loss of heat. This reduced flow of blood will cause decreased oxygen in these minor parts of the body causing them to become bluish in color which is called cyanosis.
The feet gets cold when there is inadequate blood and oxygen supply that goes to the legs due to the poor circulation of blood, but persistent coldness of the feet can be a symptom of other health problems such as chronic fatigue syndrome, anemia, restless leg syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, hypothyroidism, peripheral neuropathy or nerve damage and hypothermia.
Deficiencies in nutrition, alcohol abuse and excessive smoking can cause cold feet. If there is a change in the color of the skin, development of open sores and blisters, tingling and numbness as well as hardened or tightened skin, seek medical help immediately.
- Massage the feet in order to help restore the warmth. It also helps in stimulating the flow of blood in the extremities. Regular massage helps make the feet healthy and prevents the feet from developing other problems of the foot. Warm coconut oil, olive oil or sesame oil for a few seconds and then apply the warm oil in the affected feet. By using the fingers, gently massage the toes up to the ankle for at least 10 minutes and repeat the procedure with the other foot. After finishing the massage, the individual should put on cotton socks before going to bed every day.
- Using hydrotherapy helps in restoring the warmth of the feet by utilizing warm and cold soaks. Soaking the affected feet in warm water helps increase the circulation of blood in the area and a cold water soak helps in minimizing the symptoms. Fill up 2 foot basins, one for cold and the other for warm water and soak the feet in cold water for at least 2 minutes and then transfer the feet to the warm water basin for 1 minute. Continue performing this procedure of soaking alternately in warm and cold water for at least 15-20 minutes. Dry the affected area and put on warm socks.
- Perform exercises for the cold feet is beneficial in order to help in the proper circulation of blood in the area, keeping the feet warm and also helps strengthen the blood vessels. While sitting, rotate each foot in the clockwise direction and then counter clockwise at the joint of the ankle at least 10-20 minutes. Walking alternately on the toes and then the heels at least 10-15 minutes and using the toes to pick up pieces of objects from the floor at least several times can also help.
- Mix ½ cup of Epsom salt in a small tub that is filled with warm water. Mix until the salt is dissolved and soak the feet in the solution for at least 15-20 minutes. The procedure can be repeated at least twice every week.