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Dealing with rubella

Rubella or German measles is a mild and contagious viral infection caused by the rubella virus. It is characterized by rashes on the skin and enlargement of the lymph nodes. Children ages 5-9 are susceptible to this condition. Young and non-immunized adults can be affected by rubella.

Rubella can be transmitted through direct contact with the nose and throat secretions. It can spread via airborne droplets which easily affects the respiratory tract and the bloodstream.

With congenital rubella, transplacenta transmission can happen where the virus is spread from mother to the baby through the placenta.

Symptoms of rubella

Dealing with rubella

Rubella can be transmitted through direct contact with the nose and throat secretions.

  • A low-grade fever of 37.2 C – 37.8 C
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • An itchy rash that affects the face and spreads to the trunk and extremities. At the end of the 2nd day, the rashes start to fade off and eventually disappear on the 3rd
  • Headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mild conjunctivitis around the eyes
  • Pain in the joints and swelling
  • Runny nose

Treatment

  • Get plenty of bed rest and sleep to lessen the inflammation and infection. Take at least 8-10 hours of sleep to help the body fight off infections.
  • Increase the fluid intake at least 10 glasses of water every day.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as naproxen, ibuprofen and aspirin to relieve symptoms of rubella.
  • If pregnant, undergo hyper-immune globulin treatment as an antibody treatment for pregnant women exposed to rubella.
  • Apply calamine lotion at least 3 times every day to lessen the itchiness of the rashes. When applied to the area, it evaporates from the skin and produces a cooling effect that lessens the itching.
  • Increase the intake of vitamin C-rich foods in the diet. It improves the immune system and produce phagocytes which are cells that eliminate foreign bodies.
  • Another alternative is a lukewarm bath that includes a cup of oatmeal to lessen the itchiness and fever.

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