Ear infection happens when a bacterial or viral infection distresses the middle ear. It can be painful due to inflammation and fluid accumulation in the middle ear. It can be chronic or acute. Acute ear infections are unpleasant but in just a short period while chronic ear infections don’t clear up and can happen many times. A chronic ear infection causes stable injury to the middle and the inner ear.
Causes of Ear Infection
Infection happen when Eustachian tubes becomes inflamed or blocked where fluid builds up in the middle ear. Eustachian are the small tubes that run from each ear openly to the back of the throat. Eustachian tube blockage causes are the following:
Symptoms of Ear Infection
These are just few and common symptoms of ear infection.
- fussiness in young infants
- a feeling of pressure inside the ear that persists
- mild pain or discomfort inside the ear
- hearing loss
- pus-like ear drainage
These symptoms may persist and can occur in one or both ears. Chronic infection on the ear may be less noticeable than the acute ear infection.
Children age six months and below who are experiencing fever or ear infection symptoms are recommended to see a doctor immediately. Remember to seek medical attention if the child has a fever of 102 degrees or higher and experiences severe pain on the ear.
Treat Ear Infection
Mostly, mild infections clear up without mediation. Some methods effective in relieving the indications of a mild ear infection are the following:
- Taking over-the-counter pain medicines such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen
- Taking over-the-counter decongestants like pseudoephedrine.
- applying a warm cloth to the affected ear
- use over-the-counter or prescription ear drops to get rid of pain
If symptoms get worse, schedule an appointment with the doctor. Prescription of antibiotics may be given and it is important to finish the entire course of antibiotics.
Another option of ear infection is surgery. Tubes are placed in the ears to grant fluid to drain out. Surgical removal of adenoids may be necessary.
Prevent Ear Infection
The following may reduce the risk of ear infection:
- forgoing pacifiers with infants and small children
- avoiding overly crowded areas
- washing your hands often
- keeping immunizations up-to-date
- avoiding secondhand smoke
- breast-feeding infants