Enlarged veins in the legs
The enlarged green-colored veins which are found in the lower legs are called varicose veins. The veins function in transporting impure blood from the different parts of the body to the heart. Enlarged veins in the legs are quite common among women.
The veins becomes varicose or twisted when they weaken and could no longer carry the impure blood to the heart due to defective valves of the vein. As a result, the blood will flow back and pools in the vein which results to swelling and congestion of the veins. Varicose veins can develop in any part of the body, but they are quite common in the legs.
In normal conditions, blood flows from the heart through the arteries and flows back to the heart through the veins. Take note that the legs are the most susceptible part of the body that will develop varicose veins. This happens when the flow of blood back to the heart is reduced due to defective valves found at the top of the veins. The blood accumulates in the veins where they become dilated and can be seen by the naked eye.
Causes of enlarged veins in the legs
- Standing for long periods of time can cause buildup of blood due to gravity.
- Elderly people are more prone to this condition.
- Being obese and pregnancy
- Menopause which involves hormonal changes occurring all over the body
Symptoms of enlarged veins in the legs
- Cramps in the legs that can be painful at night. This is due to the congestion in the legs since there is no movement.
- The affected area of the leg becomes dark in color.
- Itchiness and development of dermatitis.
- Ulceration of the skin
- Injuries takes longer time to heal
- Ruptured veins can cause bleeding
Treatment and home remedies of enlarged vein in the legs
- The individual should take hot and cold hip baths alternately for relief.
- Instruct the individual to use compression stockings or support socks such as elastocrepe stockings. These can help promote proper flow of blood in the affected leg muscle and veins by providing compression. These should be used throughout the day.
- Perform exercises in order to help increase blood circulation in the legs as well as reduce weight. Engage in exercises such as biking, walking, rope jumping, swimming and stair stepping.
- When sitting for extended periods of time, elevate the legs since it helps prevent the accumulation of blood in the veins that eventually leads to varicose veins.
- If the individual is required to stand for extended periods, he/she can shift the weight back and forth from one foot to the other to help minimize the pressure on one foot.
- Avoid eating foods that are processed, refined, deep fried and foods high in saturated fats. It is recommended to eat foods that are low in fat content and high in fiber such as vegetables, fruits, garlic, ginger and onions.
- Use calcarea flourica in the form of small tablets that is placed under the tongue. This helps increase the elasticity of the veins.
- The individual should take vitamins C, B complex, calcium and magnesium in order to strengthen the blood vessels and walls of the veins as well as improve the circulation of blood.