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First Aid: Bruising

Participants enrolled in first aid courses, including standard and emergency first aid and CPR, will learn to recognize and treat patients with bruising. Bruising occurs when tissue or muscle bleeds below the skin. It is usually associated with trauma such as being hit with a blunt object or falling down. This page will outline the simple sign and symptoms and the treatment for this condition. The material posted on this page is for information purposes only. To learn to recognize and provide care for patients with bruising take a St Mark James first aid course.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain and radiating pain from the area of impact.
  • Redness and blueness in the affected area.
  • Mild to severe local swelling.
Additional Notes:

A effective history check and scene assessment may help candidates determine the cause and severity of the bruising. If the injury or the patient’s condition worsen seek further medical attention.

Treatment

Treating a patient with bruising is simple and straightforward. The rescuer should provide ice for the injured part for 10 to 15 minutes every hour until the swelling subsides. Do not hold the ice over the injury for more than 15 minutes as other injuries can occur. The patient should rest and prevent the area of bruising from moving. Some medical professionals may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication. If the pain does not subside and the condition worsens (e.g. patient unable to walk or move the extremity), further medical care may be required.

For more information on how to recognize and provide care for patients with bruising take a St Mark James first aid course.

 
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