How to care for a nosebleed
A nosebleed is a condition where there is blood discharge coming from the nose. Nosebleeds usually frighten people and often mislead them that they have a serious condition, but this isn’t always the case. Nosebleeds may cause light or heavy blood flow from the nose and can last for a couple of seconds only or over ten (10) minutes.
What are the causes of nosebleed:
- Trauma to the nose
- Blowing your nose hard
- A foreign body stuck inside the nose
- Constant picking of the nose
- Dryness of the nose
- Allergic rhinitis
- An infection inside the nose
When your nose starts bleeding, do not be panic and simply do the following to stop the bleeding:
- Take a seat and face upwards then pinch the side of your nose with your fingers. Keep doing this for at least a few minutes or until the bleeding stops.
- Breath through your mouth to drain the blood down your nose.
- Stay upright to reduce the blood pressure in the blood vessels of your nose to stop the bleeding.
Generally, the bleeding would stop eventually, and you wouldn’t require a trip to the doctor but there are cases that you should take a trip to the doctor when:
- You have chronic nosebleeds.
- The bleeding continues for more than twenty (20) minutes.
- Difficulty breathing
- You swallowed a large amount of blood that may lead to vomiting.
- The nosebleed was caused by a serious injury, such as a car accident.
Nosebleeds usually aren’t serious but if you get frequent or nosebleeds with a heavy flow of blood then it might indicate a more serious injury or condition such as a blood clotting issue. Anemia may occur if bleeding occurs for a prolonged period.
How to prevent nosebleeds from happening:
- Avoid picking your nose, especially if your fingernails are sharp.
- Try blowing your nose gently and not too much.
- Wear head protection in sports or activities that may get your head or nose injured.
- In using nasal decongestants, always follow the instructions to prevent overuse as it can cause nosebleeds.
- Apply petroleum jelly regularly inside your nose to keep it moist.
The details posted on this page on nosebleeds is for learning purposes only. To learn to care for a nosebleed, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.