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How to care for a nosebleed

A nosebleed is a condition where there is blood discharge coming from the nose. Nosebleeds usually frighten people and often mislead them that they have a serious condition, but this isn’t always the case. Nosebleeds may cause light or heavy blood flow from the nose and can last for a couple of seconds only or over ten (10) minutes.

What are the causes of nosebleed:

  • Trauma to the nose
  • Hypertension
  • Blowing your nose hard
  • A foreign body stuck inside the nose
  • Constant picking of the nose
  • Dryness of the nose
    nosebleed

    Nosebleeds may cause light or heavy blood flow from the nose and can last for a couple of seconds only or over ten (10) minutes.

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • An infection inside the nose

When your nose starts bleeding, do not be panic and simply do the following to stop the bleeding:

  • Take a seat and face upwards then pinch the side of your nose with your fingers. Keep doing this for at least a few minutes or until the bleeding stops.
  • Breath through your mouth to drain the blood down your nose.
  • Stay upright to reduce the blood pressure in the blood vessels of your nose to stop the bleeding.

Generally, the bleeding would stop eventually, and you wouldn’t require a trip to the doctor but there are cases that you should take a trip to the doctor when:

  • You have chronic nosebleeds.
  • The bleeding continues for more than twenty (20) minutes.
  • Difficulty breathing
  • You swallowed a large amount of blood that may lead to vomiting.
  • The nosebleed was caused by a serious injury, such as a car accident.

Nosebleeds usually aren’t serious but if you get frequent or nosebleeds with a heavy flow of blood then it might indicate a more serious injury or condition such as a blood clotting issue. Anemia may occur if bleeding occurs for a prolonged period.

How to prevent nosebleeds from happening:

  • Avoid picking your nose, especially if your fingernails are sharp.
  • Try blowing your nose gently and not too much.
  • Wear head protection in sports or activities that may get your head or nose injured.
  • In using nasal decongestants, always follow the instructions to prevent overuse as it can cause nosebleeds.
  • Apply petroleum jelly regularly inside your nose to keep it moist.

More Information

The details posted on this page on nosebleeds is for learning purposes only. To learn to care for a nosebleed, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

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