How to manage a fainting victim
Fainting is a sudden and brief loss of consciousness and when people faint or pass out, they fall down and some can recover quickly. You have to be prepared to help out a fainting individual. This is possible by enrolling in a first aid class today.
A person experiencing fainting episodes can be triggered by factors or situations such as hypoglycemia, low blood pressure, excessive pain, dehydration, standing for long periods of time, emotional distress and anxiety. The episodes of fainting can be caused by loss of oxygen flowing to the brain resulting to loss of unconsciousness.
Causes of fainting
Fainting is caused by a reduction in the amount of blood that flows to the brain and after losing consciousness where the individual falls or lies down, more blood can flow to the brain where he/she can wake up again.
Conditions or illnesses that can cause fainting include the following:
- Vasovagal reflex a condition which causes the heart rate to slow down, blood vessels becomes wide or dilated, and can lead to the pooling of blood in the lower body, thus reduced amount of blood will go to the brain. The reflex is caused by fear, stress, holding of breath, coughing and urinating.
- Orthostatic hypotension or an abrupt drop in the blood pressure occurs when changing positions such as standing too fast, being dehydrated and taking medications for high blood pressure.
- Other causes of fainting that are serious include blood clots in the lungs, irregular heartbeat, problems of the heart valve and heart diseases as well as problems in the nervous system such as seizures and stroke.
Treatment and home remedies for a fainting victim
- Check for symptoms of dizziness, weakness, paleness, blurry vision, nausea and vomiting. Sometimes, the individual sweats profusely and the hands are damp to the touch while the pulse is slow or rapid.
- In order to prevent injuries, let the individual sit on the ground or sit down on a couch. Just make sure that the couch has an arm rest so that the victim will not fall.
- Open the windows and doors to allow more ventilation into the room. Tight clothing should be loosened around the body of the victim in order to prevent restriction of blood flow to the body and the brain.
- Turn the victim into the recovery position in order to prevent regurgitation of fluid or vomit coming from the stomach. This position will allow fluids and saliva to drain out from the mouth sideways.
- Place a cold compress into the forehead of the victim. Wrap the compress with a clean cloth before placing in the forehead.
- When the victim has fully recovered from the fainting spell, get the victim back to an upright position slowly and continue to support to the victim even if he/she is sitting upright position in order to prevent another fainting episode and fall again to the ground.
- When the victim is fully recovered, provide him/her water or fluids with sugar especially when the victim is diabetic. He/she should take small sips first in order to avoid choking. Make sure he/she has fully rested for 10-15 minutes before walking.