How to treat common cold in babies
A common cold is a viral infection of the nose and throat of the baby. Nasal congestion and runny nose are the indications of common cold in babies.
Infants are susceptible to common cold because they are exposed to other people who do not always wash their hands. Babies have to develop immunity to many common infections. Within the first years of their life, babies can be affected by common cold several times.
Treatment of common cold in babies involves providing them of plenty of fluids and by keeping the air moist. Very young infants must be given medical care at the first symptoms of common cold since they are more susceptible of developing croup and pneumonia. If you want to readily manage the symptoms, read here.
Symptoms of common cold in babies
- A nasal discharge that can be clear at first but becomes thicker and turns to yellow or green.
- A congested or runny nose
- A low-grade fever of about 100.4 F (38 C)
- The baby is experiencing sneezing and coughing
- Loss of appetite and irritability
- Difficulty in sleeping
- The baby has trouble nursing or taking a bottle because of nasal congestion
- If the baby is 3 months old and has symptoms such as a body temperature higher than 100.4 F or 38 C, pain in the ear, irritable, reduced amount of urination, red eyes, yellow or greenish discharge in the eyes, difficulty in breathing, persistent coughing, thick and green nasal discharge and coughing up of sputum with blood, seek medical care immediately.
Causes of common cold in babies
A baby can be infected by cold when an individual who is sick sneezes, coughs or even talks since he/she can easily spread the virus. A cold can also be transferred when someone who is sick will touch his/her nose or mouth and then touches the baby. The baby will be affected by touching his or her own eyes, nose or mouth. The baby can also get the virus through contaminated toys.
Treatment and home remedies
- Encourage the baby to take the normal amounts of liquids in order to avoid dehydration. The mother should continue breastfeeding the baby. Breast milk will provide extra protection from germs that causes cold.
- Give saline drops in order to loosen thick nasal mucus.
- Keep the nasal passages of the baby clear by using a rubber-bulb syringe. Insert the tip of the bulb about ¼ to ½ inch or 0.64 to 1.27 centimeters into the nostril of the baby pointing toward the back and side of the nose. Remove the syringe from the nostrils of the baby and empty into a tissue by squeezing the bulb rapidly. Repeat this procedure as needed and clean the syringe with soap and water.
- Install a humidifier in the room of the baby in order to improve runny nose and nasal congestion symptoms. Let the baby stay or sit with a person in a steamy bathroom for a few minutes before going to sleep at night.