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How to treat hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are veins that are swelling situated in the anal canal and painful but not serious. Veins can swell inside the anal canal and form internal hemorrhoids or they can also swell near the opening of the anus and forms external hemorrhoids. Excess pressure on the veins found in the pelvic and rectal regions will cause hemorrhoids. The tissues found inside the anus are filled with blood and helps in controlling the bowel movements. Sitting or straining on the toilet for a long period of time to move stool can cause an increased pressure that will cause the tissue to swell and stretch and this causes hemorrhoids. Constipation or diarrhea might urge the individual to strain and causes an increase in the pressure on the veins found in the anal canal.

Pregnant women can have hemorrhoids during their last 6 months of pregnancy, due to an increased pressure on the blood vessels found in the pelvic area and straining in pushing the baby out during labor makes hemorrhoids worse. Additionally, overweight people can also end up with hemorrhoids. If you want to learn ways to manage hemorrhoids, read here.

Hemorrhoids

Experiencing rectal pain in cleaning the anal area.

Symptoms of internal and external hemorrhoids

  • Experiencing bleeding during bowel movement.
  • There is itchiness
  • Experiencing rectal pain in cleaning the anal area.

Internal hemorrhoids are small, swelling veins found in the wall of the anal canal, but they can be large and sagging veins that swell out of the anus, and can be painful if they swell out and are squeezed by the anal muscles. They can also be painful if the supply of blood to the hemorrhoid is cut off.

External hemorrhoids can be irritated and will cause a clot found under the skin, and will result to a hard and painful lump, also known as thrombosis or clotted hemorrhoid.

Causes of hemorrhoids

Bowel habits that causes an increase in pressure and will result to hemorrhoids including the following:

  • Rushing in completing a bowel movement which will cause excessive straining and can cause an increase in pressure on the rectal veins.
  • A persistent diarrhea or constipation which causes straining and an increased pressure on the veins found in the anal canal.
  • Being overweight especially in the abdomen and pelvis can increase pressure on the pelvic veins.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Stain the anus with a toilet paper moistened with water or using a cleansing agent like Balneol after bowel movement.
  • Avoid rubbing the anal area, rinse off in a shower or on a bidet instead of wiping using a toilet paper
  • Use soaps that do not contain any perfumes or dyes.
  • Take over-the-counter pain reliever like acetaminophen in order relieve the pain and swelling.
  • Apply an ice pack for 10 minutes at several times a day and then place a warm compress on the anal area for another 10 to 20 minutes.
  • After a bowel movement, take a warm sitz bath. Just make sure that it is not too warm since it can burn the body. Soak in the sitz bath for 15 minutes.

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