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How to treat mosquito bites

Mosquito bites are very itchy bumps that develop after being bitten by a mosquito. Sometimes, the bites of mosquitoes can cause a large area of swelling, redness and soreness. These reactions are most common among children.

Bites of mosquitoes that carry viruses or parasites can result to severe illnesses. Other infections caused by mosquito bites are malaria, yellow fever and brain infection or encephalitis.

Symptoms of mosquito bites

  • A hard, itchy and bump that is colored reddish-brown or development of multiple bumps that happens immediately after the bite.
  • A puffy, white and reddish bump that develops after the bite
  • Small blisters
  • Dark spots that looks similar to bruises
  • Sometimes, mosquito bites cause a large area of redness and swelling
    Mosquito bites

    A hard, itchy and bump that is colored reddish-brown or development of multiple bumps that happens immediately after the bite.

  • Hives
  • Low-grade fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Causes

Mosquito bites are caused by female mosquitoes. Male mosquito does not bite because they do not produce eggs and do not need protein in the blood. As the female mosquito bites, it injects saliva to the skin and the protein found in the saliva causes a mild immune system reaction such as itchiness and bumps.

Treatment

  • Clean the affected area using rubbing alcohol, alcohol wipes or plain water.
  • Severe reactions to mosquito bite can be managed by applying an antihistamine cream or lotion. Ointments that contain antihistamine, analgesic and corticosteroids are effective in lessening the pain and itchiness.
  • In a bathtub filled with hot water that can be tolerated, mix strong chickweed tea, 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar or 2 cups of grounded oatmeal and soak the body in the solution to lessen the itchiness of the area.
  • Dip a facecloth into hot water as hot that can be tolerated as long it does not burn the skin. Press it against the bite site and keep it there until a tingling sensation can be felt. Repeat this procedure 1-2 times to minimize the itchiness and irritation of the area.
  • Apply an ice pack or ice cubes on the bitten area for at least 20 minutes to lessen the itching and inflammation.
  • Cut lemon or lime in small pieces and rub it gently on the bite site or squirt the juice over the area. The citric acid found in lemon or lime lessens the itchiness of the affected area.
  • Oatmeal has anti-itch properties. Make a paste by mixing oatmeal with a few drops of water and mix to become a paste and apply it on the bitten area. Let the paste dry and then rinse it off.
  • Immerse a spoon in steaming water for at least a minute and remove it from the water. Allow it to cool for 5-10 seconds and compress it on the mosquito bite. Leave it there for at least 10-30 seconds. Repeat this process several times every day until the bite site is totally healed.

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