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Injury Information and Prevention for First Aid

Part of first aid and CPR instruction is to teach participants and candidates to prevent injuries as well as care for patients with them. A significant number of first aid scenarios are caused due to injuries or trauma. Due to this high number of emergencies all major first aid providers in Canada ensure participants receive a significant amount of training in injury management in all of the first aid programs. This page will define injuries and outline major causes of injuries worldwide.

What is injury?

Injury is defined as damage to the body caused by acute exposure to physical agents such as mechanical energy, heat, electricity, chemicals and ionizing radiation.

What are the major causes or sources of injuries?

Major causes and sources of injury include traffic collisions, drowning, poisoning, falls, burns, violence from assault, self-inflicted violence or acts of war. These major causes claim more than 5 million lives each year and harm many millions more. The percent of global mortality due to injury is 9%.

The following is a breakdown of the distribution of global injury mortality by cause in 2000.

  • Road traffic injuries – 25%
  • Poisoning – 6%
  • Falls – 6%
  • Fires – 5%
  • Drowning – 9%
  • Self-inflicted violence – 16%
  • Interpersonal violence – 10%
  • War – 6%
  • Other – 17%

A quarter of all deaths due to injury are caused byroad traffic injuries which include pedestrian, cyclist, motorcycle and vehicle traffic. Suicides and interpersonal violence combined account for another quarter of the global total.

For every death, it is estimated that there are dozens of hospitalizations, hundreds of emergency department visits and thousands of doctors’ appointments. A large proportion of people surviving their injuries incur temporary or permanent disabilities. These disabilities include physical or cognitive limitations and paralysis due to spinal cord trauma. Another article will focus on the impact of disabilities.

A significant proportion of scenarios that first aid and CPR attendants respond to involve injuries. This is why a significant amount of first aid training includes hands-on practise and mock scenario’s including a variety of injuries and traumas. Recently the major providers included more injury topics into the most basic and popular emergency first aid program. To learn more about injuries and trauma management enrol into a St Mark James first aid program.

All standard first aid and emergency first aid programs dedicate at least 2.0 hours on rescuer injury prevention and recognition and care for patients with serious injuries including trauma to the head. Be prepared to manage accidental injuries by enrolling into one of these courses.



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