Low Back Pain and its Symptoms
Low back pain or lumbar pain is a usual disorder that involves nerves, muscles and bones of the back. Pain varies from a dull constant ache to a sudden sharp feeling. It may be categorized by span of time as acute, sub-chronic or chronic that lasts more than 12 weeks. Symptoms may usually improve within a few weeks from the time it started.
Pain in the low back is a result of illnesses affecting the discs between the vertebrae, bony lumbar spine, ligaments around the muscles of the low back, spine, internal organs of the pelvis, spinal cord and nerves and the abdomen.
Causes of Lumbar Pain
A complaint that may cause a large number of underlying problems is lumbar pain. A physical cause includes degeneration of discs between vertebrae, osteoarthritis, broken vertebrae, or infection or tumor of the spine.
Lumbar pain may be caused by a variety of problems. Normal sources of low back pain may include the following:
- The bones, ligaments or joints are damaged
- An intervertebral disc may be degenerating
- The large roots of the nerve in the low back that go to the legs may be irritated
- The large opposite lower back muscles may be strained
- The smaller nerves that supply the low back may be irritated
Symptoms of Lumbar Pain
Symptoms may begin after the activities or upon waking up in the morning. The range of the symptoms may describe as tenderness at a specific point to diffuse pain. The pain may or may not worsen with a certain move such as sitting, standing, raising a leg or changing of positions.
Other problems may happen along lumbar pain. It may include any of the following:
- Pain that moves around to the buttock, groin or upper thigh, but seldom travels below the knee
- Pain that bear to be achy and dull
- Muscle spasms
- Local tenderness upon touch
- Difficulty moving that can be severe enough to prevent walking or standing
Treat Low Back Pain in Few Easy Steps
Here are some ways easing the pain in the back without doctor’s intervention.
- Rest – Relaxation of the back is recommended after the symptom has been felt. After that, slowly increase the level of motion so that sharp pains will subside and can help ease the pain and stiffness.
- Ice or Heat – Applying ice or heat to the area can help decrease inflammation and swelling.
- Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers – Medicines such as acetaminophen or anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen can help improve low back pain
- Exercise – Exercise may help minimize the radiating pain.