A long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs is categorized by variable and repetitive symptoms. It is thought to be caused by a combination some factors such as genetic and environmental factors. Air pollution and allergens are said to be included on environmental factors that can trigger attacks of asthma.
Signs and Symptoms
Recurrent episodes of chest tightness, coughing, shortness of breath and wheezing are the different characteristics of asthma. Sputum may be formed from the lung by coughing but is frequently hard to bring up. Symptoms are typically worse at night and in the early morning or in reaction to exercise or cold air. Several people with asthma seldom experience symptoms, generally in response to triggers, whereas others may have noticeable and persistent symptoms.
Most common signs of asthma are the following:
Any asthma indication is serious and can become deadly if left untreated. If experiencing one or more of these indications visit an allergist for a analysis and then develop an asthma action plan.
Many environmental factors have been linked with asthma’s development and exacerbation that includes allergens, air pollution, and other environmental chemicals.
One of the risk factor for asthma is the family history.
Among the factors, the strongest risk factor for the development of asthma is the family history.
Most individuals develop serious exacerbation from a number of triggering agents. Home elements that can lead to exacerbation of asthma include dust, animal dander, cockroach allergens and mold. One common cause of acute attacks of asthma is the perfumes.
Proper Asthma Medication
Numerous effective medications are available to treat asthma. Mostly, people with asthma need two types, the quick relief medicines and the long term control medicines.
Quick Relief medications such as short-acting inhaled beta2-agonists and anticholinergics are taken for abrupt relief at the first sign and symptoms.
Long-term control medications that can be taken every day to avoid symptoms and attacks:
- Cromolyn sodium
- Inhaled corticosteroids
- Antileukotrienes or leukotriene modifiers
- Long-acting inhaled beta2-agonists (always administered with another asthma-related drug)
- Oral corticosteroids
Even if you do not have symptoms, these medicines are taken every day. The most effective long-term control medicines lessen airway inflammation and help progress asthma control.