Mosquito bite on the eyelid
A bite of a mosquito on the eyelid is caused by a female. Swelling and itching occurs when the immune system of the body reacts to the proteins found in the saliva of the mosquito. A single bite of a mosquito causes intense itching and swelling of the affected area and carries a risk of developing vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue. Female mosquito bites and sucks blood from humans and animals while the male mosquito feeds on nectar and juices of plants. Some mosquitos usually bite during daytime and some bite at night and usually bite the areas of the body that are exposed such as the eyelids, face, neck and some uncovered limbs.
The mosquito punctures the human or animal skin with a needle-like structure called proboscis. During the bite, they release saliva that causes itching and swelling and sometimes the bites can cause the development of infections around the eye.
Treatment and home remedies of mosquito bite on the eyelid
- Apply an ice pack over the affected area. You can place a few ice cubes in clean cloth and put it over the affected eyelid for a few minutes in order to minimize swelling and itchiness every hour at least 2-3 times every day.
- Apply an aloe vera gel over the affected eyelid since it relaxes the skin and helps minimize the swelling and itching caused by a mosquito bite. Aloe vera gel possesses antibacterial properties that help in preventing the development of infection when applied during the initial stage. It is recommended to store the aloe vera gel in the refrigerator before applying to the affected eyelid for the best soothing effect.
- Using salt is effective in minimizing symptoms produced by mosquito bites and has mild antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Salt water is prepared by mixing water and salt. Use this solution when washing the eyelid.
- The individual with a mosquito bite on the eyelid can swim in sea water. Take note that salt water has natural properties and helps promote healing of the infected eyelid.
- Using baking soda helps in reducing itchiness and swelling after being bitten by a mosquito. Baking soda has alkaline properties and neutralizes the pH of the skin that can minimize the itchiness. It is prepared by mixing a teaspoon of baking soda and a few drops of water, mix to create a paste. Apply it over the infected eyelid but be careful to avoid getting it inside the eyes. Clean the eyelid using lukewarm water after 10-15 minutes.
- Upon waking up in the morning, use a small amount of toothpaste and dab it on the bitten area. You can use toothpaste that contains menthol or peppermint to promote faster healing.
It is vital to seek medical help immediately if the individual with a mosquito bite on the eyelid develops shortness of breath, difficulty in swallowing, wheezing and lightheadedness.