Mosquito Bites at Home
Mosquito bites are described as itchy bumps that seem to appear after mosquitos use their mouthparts to puncture the skin and feed of blood. The bump normally disappears on its own in a few days. Sometimes it causes a large area of swelling, redness and soreness. It is commonly found among children.
Bites from mosquitoes are carrying some viruses or parasites that can cause serious illness. Some mosquito-borne infections include malaria, yellow fever and some types of infections.
Signs of mosquito bites are the following:
- Small blisters instead of hard bumps
- Dark spots that alike to bruises
- Puffy, reddish and white bump that appears few minutes after the bite
- Hard itchy or multiple bumps appears on the day or after the bite or bites.
Children are likely to develop a severe reaction compared to adults. Adults that are not previously exposed to some type of mosquito that bit them sometimes triggers symptoms such as:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- A large area of swelling and redness
- Low-grade fever
Symptoms of a more serious allergic reaction may include:
- Bruises near the area of the bite
- Large area of itch
- Dengue fever
- Yellow fever
Symptoms that it may be something other than an allergic reaction include:
- body aches
- nausea and vomiting
- severe headache
- neurological changes
- light sensitivity
Contact the doctor directly if you experience any of these symptoms.
Prevention from Mosquito Bites
Prevention is always the better approach from bites of mosquito. Avoid standing water especially at dusk and during dawn when mosquitos usually active.
There are also other ways to avoid mosquito bites such as:
- eliminating standing water around the home
- wearing protective, light-colored clothing
- repairing holes in window or door screens
- using citronella-scented candles in outdoor areas or campsites
It is also advised to apply repellents containing DEET. These provides up to six hours of protection.
Even the finest preventative measures probably won’t defend from all bites. In the case of a standard reaction, calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream will offer alleviation from itching. Ice cubes, a cold pack, or a cool bath without soap may help discharge indications as well. For more severe allergic reactions, the following handlings may be used:
- a cool bath without soap
- an epinephrine autoinjector (EpiPen) to carry on-hand in case of anaphylaxis
- oral antihistamines (Benadryl or Claritin)
- topical anti-itch lotion or benzocaine