Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder where the brain is not capable of maintaining normal sleep habits that result to excessive sleepiness and frequent sleep attacks during day time that last for a few seconds up to a minute. In some cases, it can sometimes last for an hour. In this type of sleeping disorder, the affected person is not capable of controlling the body and simply falls asleep anywhere or anytime. There is difficulty staying awake for long periods of time and can cause disruption in the daily regular routine.
- Excessive sleepiness during day time. People suffering from narcolepsy just fall asleep without warning anytime and anywhere such as falling asleep while talking or working with other people. They usually have lessened level of alertness throughout the day.
- There is sudden loss of muscle tone which is also known as cataplexy and can result to many changes such as talking that cannot be heard and weakness of the muscles that can last for a few seconds to minutes. Cataplexy can also be caused by intense emotions such as laughter or excitement, but sometimes surprise, fear or even anger.
- People with narcolepsy can experience temporary loss of movement or talking while falling asleep or upon waking up and lasts only for a few seconds or minutes.
- Hallucinations that occurs when falling asleep is known as hypnagogic hallucination while hallucinations that happen upon waking up is known as hypnopompic hallucinations. These hallucinations are quite vivid and frightening.
- Jerking of the leg, nightmares and restlessness
- Disturbed nocturnal sleep such as waking up frequently throughout the night
- Maintain a regular schedule when going to sleep and waking up at the same time every day. Follow a definite sleep routine to help the body get adjusted to it. Sleep at least 7-8 hours of sleep at night.
- Schedule short breaks or naps at regular intervals during the day such as taking naps of 20 minutes at a regular time during the day to lessen the sleepiness for 1-3 hours. Some people might need longer naps.
- Avoid nicotine and alcohol especially at night to prevent making the condition worse.
- Perform moderate regular exercises at least 4-5 hours before going to bed so that the individual feels awake during the day and can sleep better at night.
- Take cayenne with a juice in the diet since it helps minimize narcolepsy. Consumption of calcium can also help with the condition. The diet should have at least 1000 milligrams of magnesium.
- Avoid driving a vehicle as well as operating heavy machinery.
- Avoid caffeine, alcohol and tobacco to prevent making the condition worse.
- Maintain a well-balanced diet and perform regular exercises. Eat light and vegetarian meals during the day and avoid eating heavy meals before performing activities to help with the condition.