A neuroma is a sore condition and also called a “pinched nerve”. It is a harmless growth of tissues of nerve that is typically found in between the 3rd and 4th toes that causes pain, burning sensation, tingling sensations and numbness felt between the toes and in the ball of the foot.
It causes pain between the toes when walking. The pain is lessened when the person stops walking and taking off the shoes which prevents the rubbing action on the affected area. Women are more susceptible to this condition.
Symptoms of neuroma
- Tingling and numbness sensation in the ball of the foot
- Pain in the forefoot and between the toes
- The areas between the toes are swollen
- Pain in the ball of the foot when weight is placed on the area
- Biomechanical deformities such as a high-arched foot or a flat foot can cause development of neuroma. This type of foot causes instability around the joints of the toe.
- Trauma that results to nerve damage can cause inflammation or swelling of the nerve.
- Wearing ill-fitting shoes that cause the foot to be squeezed together. Wearing high-heeled shoes up to 2 inches places significant pressure on the forefoot area.
- Repeated stress common on some occupations can cause development of neuroma.
- A tight calf muscle that causes an increase in pressure on the foot when bearing weight.
- Change in occupation and sedentary lifestyle to active lifestyle or vice versa produces an increase in weight-bearing activities or changes in footwear used.
- Increase in body weight during pregnancy which causes an increase in forefoot joint instability.
- Take plenty of rest especially the affected foot and massage the area to lessen pain caused by neuroma. Apply an ice pack on the affected area to minimize pain and discomfort.
- Use small pads or cushions to be placed on the ball of the foot to minimize pressure that causes the pain and symptoms of neuroma. Taping can be used to change the function of the foot on the way of walking and lessen pressure on the neuroma.
- Stretch the tight calf muscles to lessen the amount of pressure placed on the forefoot during walking when the foot is in full contact to the ground.
- Wear shoes that have enough space for the toes to move such as shoe with laces and buckles with width adjustment and shoes that have low heels.
- Wear shoes that have thick, shock-absorbent soles and insoles that minimize excessive pressure placed on the foot.
- Avoid wearing high-heeled shoes whenever possible to prevent strain on the forefoot and making the condition worse.
- Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory medication and cortisone injections to lessen the pain and inflammation caused by neuroma.