Numbness of the fingertips and toes
Numbness is an abnormal condition which the person can feel a tingling or loss of sensation and can happen anywhere in the body, but it is usually felt in the extremities such as the hands, feet, fingers and the toes. Numbness can be caused by lack of blood supply in the affected area, damage to the nerve or nerve compression. Numbness can also be caused by infection, inflammation, trauma and other abnormal processes.
The fingers of the hands and feet become numb or cold due to the lack of blood flow to the area. It can be described as a burning sensation while others feel the fingers and toes being pricked by pins and needles.
Causes of numbness of the fingertips and toes
- A poor level of potassium
- Lack of oxygen supply in the extremities
- Caused by musculoskeletal disorders such as the carpal tunnel syndrome
- Panic attack
- Multiple sclerosis
- Deficiency of Vitamin B1, B6 and B12
- Blood vessel disorder of the fingertips
- Nerve injury
- Heart disorders such as hypertension and high level of cholesterol
Symptoms of numbness of the fingertips and toes
If an individual experiences numbness on the fingertips and toes, the following symptoms are likely to occur.
- There is dizziness, cramping and pain in the extremities
- A decrease in muscle strength and muscle tone
- Tremors can occur in the tendons and legs
- Pain with tingling sensation
- Loss of sensation in the affected area and finger becomes white
Treatment of numbness of the fingertips and toes
- Massage the affected area in order to promote circulation and provide adequate supply of oxygen in the area.
- Perform exercises in order to promote blood circulation all over the body and increase the need for oxygen such as a daily 15-minute walk that can help minimize the symptoms.
- Elevate the affected extremities above the level of the heart to promote blood circulation.
- Apply warm and cold compress alternately since it helps in increasing the blood circulation. Numb fingertips and toes can be treated using hot water soaks or heating pads for 20 minutes every day. It helps dilate blood vessels and helps in the proper flow of blood to other parts of the body. The warmth of the water used must be within tolerable levels.
Prevention of numbness of fingertips and toes
- Maintain good health and nutrition
- Increase the intake of banana and avocado which are rich in potassium content
- Avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol
- Maintain a daily routine exercise
- Get enough sleep and rest in order to avoid stress.
- Avoid getting exposed to severe cold conditions since it will cause damage to the nerves and muscle tissue, thus causing numbness and tingling sensations.
- Increase the intake of green leafy vegetables
- If the individual experiences numbness on a regular basis and accompanied by severe pain, dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath, it is vital to seek medical help immediately.