Osteoarthritis of the hip
Arthritis is a condition that is characterized by inflammatory changes in the space of the joint and causes immobility, swelling and pain of the affected joint when the condition becomes severe. Osteoarthritis is also called age-related arthritis and affects mostly elderly people and usually affects the larger joints such as the knees, hips and the spine.
Inflammation or injury as well as frequent wear and tear in the joint can damage the thin cartilage tissue which is a firm, smooth and rubbery tissue that covers the end of bones in any joint. The cartilage functions as a shock absorber and protects friction caused between two bones. When the cartilage is compressed, it can change its shape.
Causes of osteoarthritis of the hip
- The hip joint is not properly aligned
- Usually affects people over the age 50 and over.
- Injury caused to the hip which can put stress to the cartilage of the hip when engaging in certain types of activities.
- Fracture of the hip bone or bones found around the joint of the hip.
- A condition known as avascular necrosis causes degeneration of the joint of the hip.
Osteoarthritis of the hip symptoms
- The affected person has difficulty in walking properly and a limping gait. The individual limps in order to avoid putting any weight on the damaged hip.
- The person has difficulty in performing regular activities and not capable of bending or squatting
- There is rigidity or stiffening of the joint of the hips and can be felt when moving for the first time after prolonged rest as well as loss of range of motion.
- Movements of the hip are limited due to the formation of the bone spurs.
- There is tenderness and pain in the hip joint. The pain is severe that the affected person has difficulty in sleeping throughout the night.
- A crackling sound in the hip can be heard caused by the rubbing of bones in the joint of the hip
Treatment and home remedies of osteoarthritis of the hip
- Rest the affected hip joint in order to minimize the symptoms.
- Take the prescribed pain medication in order to minimize the pain and inflammation.
- Apply over-the-counter analgesic creams to reduce the pain.
- Apply a warm and cold compress alternately at least for 10-15 minutes since it helps minimize inflammation, tenderness and pain in the hip joint.
- Use a cane or walker to help reduce extra weight on the hip joint.
- Seek the help of a physical therapist in order to help increase the range of motion. The therapist will provide the individual with strength training exercises in order to improve the mobility of the joint of the hip.
With the help of these remedies, the symptoms can be managed. If the condition of the individual becomes severe and there is difficulty in walking, seek medical help as soon as possible.
Once an individual is suspected with this condition, it is best to schedule an appointment with a doctor for proper assessment and diagnosis.