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Remedies for peripheral edema

Peripheral edema is a condition where there is swelling in the arms and legs. This happens with accumulation of fluid in the tissues and result to swelling and painful area in the body.

Symptoms of peripheral edema

  • Puffiness of the feet, ankles, hands and arms and makes the skin looks stretched or shiny.
    peripheral edema

    Puffiness of the feet, ankles, hands and arms and makes the skin looks stretched or shiny.

  • When pressing into the swelling an indentation or pit remains for a while and it is called pitting edema which happens due to long hours of sitting.
  • A full or heavy sensation felt in the arms or legs
  • Skin is tight and warm to touch
  • Difficulty moving the joints around the affected area.
  • Pressure around the area which is similar to pressure on the veins in the legs
  • Pain and tension felt around the affected area

Causes

  • Accumulation of water in the tissues that result to swelling in the ankles and feet due to excessive consumption of sodium.
  • Inflammation in the tissues due to reaction to allergies; trauma such as sprained or broken bones; gout or cellulitis, arthritis and an infection or a wound in the leg.
  • Taking medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen, insulin, steroid therapy and medications for high blood pressure.
  • Low levels of protein in the blood
  • Varicose veins which happens when blood pools in the legs or flow of blood is slow.
  • Kidney diseases
  • Difficulty of the heart to pump blood around the body or congestive heart failure
  • Conditions of the lung

Treatment

  • If tied up on a desk job, take a break every hour and take a walk for at least 5 minutes for proper flow of blood in the legs.
  • Elevate the legs above the level of the heart for proper flow of blood in the area and lessen the pain. Another alternative when lying down raise the affected leg in a couple of pillows to keep it elevated and prevent pooling of blood in the area.
  • If feet and ankles are swelling during pregnancy, keep it elevated in couple of pillows and lay down on the side rather on the back.
  • Wear compression stockings when standing for prolonged periods of time to lessen the swelling in the legs. The stockings give pressure to the legs for increase flow of blood in the area and prevent the swelling due to edema.
  • Massage the affected area for proper flow of blood in the whole body and improve circulation. It also lessens the swelling of the ankle and feet.
  • Drink plenty of water at least 6-8 8-ounce glasses of water every day to flush out the system.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol, caffeine and using tobacco to prevent making the condition worse
  • Perform the right amount and type of exercises with the help of the physical therapist for a particular situation.

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