Skin rash from insect bites
Insects live in plants, trees, in the ground and some abandoned structures and some of them bite if they are provoked. Sometimes, individuals provoke the insects without the intention of harming them. Some common insects such as ants and flies leave a distinctive kind of rash or mark. Fire ants which are red in color give a red swelling with a white in the center and the bite is not dangerous, but the venom from the bite of many fire ants can cause a severe condition.
A type of fly that bites is the horsefly. These insects bite on the skin to create a cut and inject an anticoagulant so that blood can flow freely. The affected area is bleeding and reddish in color.
Rashes due to insect bites are an allergic reaction affecting the skin and the severity of the rash varies from one person to another. An allergy to insect bites occurs in an individual who is hypersensitive to the venom of a particular insect such as ants or flies.
Common symptoms of insect bites
- There is swelling and itching on the affected area
- The bite of a horsefly causes pain with the development of swelling around the affected bitten area.
- Weakness, wheezing and dizziness
- Development of urticaria which is a rash of wheals where an area of the skin becomes red in color, temporarily raised and usually accompanied by itching.
- An itchy, red or pale pink swelling that happens around the eyes and lips for just a short period of time which is called angioedema.
Treatment and home remedies of skin rash from insect bites
- Wash the affected using soap and water.
- Avoid scratching the affected area especially if it has open cuts since it can develop a secondary infection on the skin.
- Place a cold compress or a flannel or a washcloth that is cooled using cold water over the affected area in order to help minimize the swelling.
- Take a prescribed pain medication such as paracetamol or ibuprofen in order to help minimize the pain and swelling.
- Using a spray or cream that has local anesthetic, antihistamine or hydrocortisone (1%) on the affected areas helps in minimizing the swelling and itching.
- Take a prescribed antihistamine medication in order to help lessen the swelling.
- If the affected area develops blisters, avoid popping them in order to prevent infection from developing. Blisters does not usually produce pain unless they burst and exposing the new skin under it. Cover the blisters using an adhesive bandage or plaster in order to protect the blistered area.
- If the rashes are filled with pus and tender when touched, the glands are swollen, dizziness, nausea, lightheadedness, confusion, vomiting, and difficulty breathing, seek medical help immediately.
- The affected person should wear a medical I.D. bracelet since this helps in identifying his/her condition so that responders will know the proper treatment for the affected person.