Sudden Medical Emergencies
Caring for loved ones requires patience, dedication and knowledge. Whether the person you care for is older or younger, it is best to prepare yourself with scenarios they may experience whether or not it is expected for their age group. For example, fainting is caused by an unexpected decrease of blood flow towards the brain. What causes the decrease of blood flow is a variety of factors but particularly affects those who are pregnant, received shocking bad news, pain or was stationary for an extended period of time. If you do happen to observe a person fainting, rearrange the victim in a recovery position while monitoring their ABC’s. You should only contact EMS if the person does not wake up, the person exhibits symptoms of a serious condition such as injuries, difficulty breathing or pale skin. Statistics show that individuals greater than 70 in age are prone to fainting and their symptoms include but not limited to ringing ears, profuse sweat, confusion, nausea or weakness. This article will focus on sudden medical emergencies with a strong focus on fainting. To learn to recognize and treat the complications associated with fainting take a St Mark James first aid class near you.
In the biological scope, there are three reasons we faint. From the neurocardiogenic point of view, people faint because a physical or emotional action has caused blood to decrease in its flow towards the brain. In the occupational point of view a mainly physical action that the body could not cope with has caused a person to faint such as a strenuous activity. For the Orthostatic point of view, the person stood up too quickly which interrupted the blood flow to the brain. In order to prevent fainting, there are some steps one should consider applying to their daily lives. These simple steps will reduce the likelihood of fainting. Keeping yourself hydrated thoroughly throughout the day will help prevent you from fainting as well as other sicknesses. When we define properly hydrated, we imply water and non sugar based fruits and vegetables. Sodas and alcoholic beverages do not count and the less one consumes such beverages then the better your health will be.
Another tip to avoid finding is to keep your mind stress free. While some occupations cannot avoid this (such as health care providers, emergency personnel, etc) then try to allocate a certain time frame to relax and allow your brain to recuperate. Giving yourself plenty of rest allows your body and brain to regain energy and build up a strong immune system. If you are more alert due to more sleep, you are less likely to injure yourself or get fatigued and risk fainting. Greater lengths of sleep allow the body to regenerate cells and organs while converting memories into long term ones in the brain. If you do not experience the minimum REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, your performance in basic motor skills and balance will be less than if you achieved the required REM sleep. Studies have also shown that individuals who do not obtain the necessary sleep will experience anxiety and depression. The evolution of fainting has several causes stemming from fear, pain or shock. The vagas nerve will direct blood flow to intestines and stomach as a precaution to ‘extend life’ and will restrict blood to extremities such as hands, feet and head. This occurs more commonly among the elderly and teens as the elderly have reduced blood flow and teens have disproportionate size and psychological capabilities. In evolutionary terms, it might have worked to play dead.