Swine flu is oftentimes transferred from pigs to humans, usually to hog farmers and veterinarians. An individual infected by the swine flu can transmit the infection to other people. It spreads from person to person through mouth and nasal secretions such as sneezing, talking, coughing and singing or direct contact with the hands of the infected person or kissing. The incubation period is spans for 1-4 days. Swine flu is very contagious in 3-7 seven days after symptoms start to manifest. Enclosed places are good environments for the swine flu virus.
Symptoms of swine flu
- Watery and red eyes
- Sore throat
- Body rash
- Fever and chills
- Runny or stuffed nose
- Headache and body aches
- Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting
- Shortness of breath
The influenza virus can infect the cells which are lining the nose, throat and lungs. The virus enters if the individual inhales contaminated droplets or virus present in contaminated surface that can transfer to the nose, eyes or mouth.
- Drink plenty of fluids, especially water, juice and warm soups to prevent dehydration.
- Get plenty of sleep to help the immune system of the body fight infections.
- Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to lessen the pain and inflammation.
- Keep distance from individuals that have symptoms such as nasal congestion or flu.
- Avoid sharing food, glasses, spoons and forks with other people.
- Wash hands frequently with plenty of soap and water
- Take the prescribed cold and flu medications to minimize the risk for infection with the flu virus by taking at least a tablet throughout the season of flu.
- Mix 2 tablespoons of vinegar, a tablespoon of honey and a cup of warm water every morning to prevent and eliminate any microbes.
- Make a tea by mixing a teaspoon bayberry bark, teaspoon grated ginger root and a cup boiling water. Let it sit for 20 minutes and drink the mixture to help with the condition.
- Get flu vaccination against 2-3 influenza viruses that are common during the flu season which is available as an injection or as a nasal spray. The nasal spray can be used by healthy people from 2-49 years old and women who are not pregnant.
- Stay at home when sick for at least 24 hours after the fever is minimized.
- Washing the hands properly using soap and water. Another way is to utilize an alcohol-based hand sanitizer to help with the condition.
- When sneezing or coughing, cover the mouth using a tissue or the inner crook of the elbow to help prevent contamination of the hands.
- Avoid crowded places if younger than 5 years old and older than 65 years old and pregnant as well as those suffering from conditions such as asthma.
- Minimize exposure to the infection within the household.