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Swollen feet and ankles

Swelling in the feet and ankles is called edema and can be caused by pregnancy and high blood pressure. The uncomfortable swelling is not a disorder but it is only a symptom and the best way to treat the condition is to properly manage the main cause.

Causes

  • Dependent swelling or edema caused by long periods of standing or walking.
  • Edema usually experienced by pregnant women during pregnancy
  • Side effects of some medications such as anti-inflammatory medications, medication for diabetes, antidepressants and anti-hypertensive and cardiac medications.
  • Injury or trauma to the ankle or foot usually caused by sprains or fracture can result to swelling of the area.
  • Suffering from liver disease, heart disease and kidney disease can cause fluid mobility in the body by metabolic, physical and electrolyte and water interactions.
    Swollen feet and ankles

    Side effects of some medications such as anti-inflammatory medications, medication for diabetes, antidepressants and anti-hypertensive and cardiac medications.

  • Infections such as abscess or diffuse cellulitis
  • Lymphedema
  • Blockage of blood vessels that can cause the fluids to leak out of the vessels into the tissue or blood clots.

Treatment

  • Perform some exercises that helps promote proper circulation of blood. Take note that yoga is the best exercise and helps with the condition.
  • Soak the affected feet and ankle using tonic water either at room temperature or cold since it helps lessen the inflammation and pain due to swelling
  • In a bathtub, mix a dose of Epsom salt and soak the body in the mixture if the calves are swelling. For feet and ankle swelling, use a bucket and immerse the affected feet and ankle in the mixture.
  • Massage the affected feet and ankles
  • Wear a hose support or a compression gear that helps minimize the swelling especially on the feet.
  • Elevate the affected legs and ankle with a couple of pillows above the level of the heart
  • Drink plenty of water in order to help flush out excess salts in the body and help lessen swelling of the area. Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water every day. Another way is drinking cucumber-lemon water. In a glass of water, mix in a few slices of cucumber and lemon slices and drink it. Cucumber and lemon possess anti-inflammatory properties that are beneficial to the condition.
  • Eat bananas since these helps in eliminating excess potassium and fluids in the body.
  • Take a swim or float in water to help with the swollen feet and ankles. The pressure in the water helps in minimizing fluids in the legs and by floating in the water, it helps promote proper circulation of the blood in the area.
  • Take a bath in the bathtub filled with warm water and mix in a few drops of grapefruit essential oil. Another way is using a bucket filled with this mixture and immerse in the solution.

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