Treating a broken nose
A broken nose is also called a nasal fracture which is a break or crack in the bone of the nose. Oftentimes, the bone found over the bridge of the nose is the one affected. A broken nose can be caused by playing contact sports, physical fights, falls and vehicular accidents that will cause facial trauma. A broken nose causes pain, swelling and bruising found around the nose and under the eyes, and experiencing difficulty in breathing.
Symptoms of a broken nose
- There is bleeding coming from the nose
- A misshapen and crooked nose
- Pain and tenderness when touching the nose
- Swelling of the surrounding areas of the nose
- Bruising around the areas of the nose and eyes
- There is a difficulty in breathing through the nose
- A feeling that one or both of the nasal passages are blocked
- Mucus coming out of the nose
Causes of broken nose
- Can be caused by a vehicular accidents
- Falls and physical altercations
- Injuries from playing contact sports like football or hockey
- Walking into a fixed object like the door, wall, wrestling type of play, doing rough play.
Some complications from a broken nose are deviated septum in which it is the displacement of the thin tissue layer that divides the two sides of the nasal cavity. Deviated septum includes symptoms such as nasal congestion of nostrils, postnasal drip, persistent sinus infection and nose bleeding. Deviated septum can also cause noisy breathing.
Septal hematoma is the collection of blood found within the nasal septum. The symptoms include difficulty breathing, nasal congestion and inflamed nasal septum. A broken nose can also cause facial deformities in which the nose appears crooked, bruised and inflamed. It can be treated by placing a splint to the nose. A broken nose can cause interruption in the breathing if the nasal bones and tissues cause obstruction of the nasal passages.
Treatment and home remedies of a broken nose
- When a person has broken nose, he/she breathes through the mouth and leans forward in order to reduce the amount of blood coming from the throat.
- Apply cold compresses or ice packs after the injury. This should be done at least four times a day in order to reduce the swelling. Apply the cold compresses for 10-15 minutes and wrap with a washcloth to prevent frostbite. Avoid applying pressure since it can cause pain and will cause damage to the nose.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium.
- Elevating the head when the person is sleeping so that swelling and throbbing will not get worse.
- Avoid playing any sports for the first six weeks after the injury.
You can learn more about these treatment options by enrolling in a course on first aid today.
- Wear seat belts when traveling using motorized vehicles.
- Wear a helmet when riding in a bicycle