Treating a ruptured tendon
A tendon is the fibrous tissue that connects the muscle to the bone. The force that is placed to a tendon can be more than the weight of a body. Sometimes, a tendon can snap or rupture that is caused by steroid injections into a tendon, certain diseases such as gout or hyperparathyroidism and those who have Type O blood. By enrolling in a course on first aid, you can help ease the symptoms experienced by the individual.
Common areas where a ruptured tendon occurs
- Quadriceps which are four muscles that are found above the kneecap or patella and forms the patellar tendon. These are also called the quads which are groups of muscle that are utilized for extending the leg at the knee and aids in walking, running and jumping.
- Achilles tendon is found on the rear side of the foot just above the heel and it is where the calf muscles connect to the heel of the foot bone. This tendon is essential for pushing off with the foot. The Achilles tendon helps with standing on tiptoe and for pushing off when starting a foot race.
- The rotator cuff is located in the shoulder and has four muscles that functions in raising the arm out to the side, rotation of the arm and keep the shoulder from popping out of its socket. Take note that it is one of the areas susceptible to tendon injuries.
- The biceps muscles of the arm include the flexor of the elbow which brings the hand toward the shoulder by bending at the elbow. A rupture can either be proximal or distal but an injury to these areas rarely happens.
Causes of ruptured tendon
- As the person ages, there is a decreased supply of blood to the tendon and results to a weakened tendon
- Direct trauma to the tendon
- The muscle contracts while being stretched in the opposite direction which will cause added stress on the involved tendon.
- Administration of steroid injections into the tendon
Symptoms of ruptured tendon
- Severe pain and inability in bearing a weight.
- There is a snap or popping sound on the affected areas.
- There is difficulty in moving the affected area such as the arms or leg
- A rapid or instant bruising
- Weakness and deformity on the affected area.
Treatment and home remedies
- Get plenty of rest
- Apply an ice pack to the affected area by wrapping ice in a plastic bag and wrapped in a towel. Avoid applying ice directly over the skin since it can cause further damage if left for long periods of time.
- Applying compression on the affected area using an ACE bandage in order to reduce the swelling.
- Loose wrap the bandage so that the circulation in the affected areas is not cut off.
- Elevate the affected areas above the level of the heart in order to minimize swelling.
A ruptured tendon can be prevented by avoidance of potential risk factors and promptly deal with conditions that might lead to a rupture.