Treating arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis happens once the blood vessels that function in carrying oxygen as well as essential nutrients from the heart to the rest of the body becomes dense and rigid, and sometimes it causes restriction of flow of blood to the different organs and tissues. The normal arteries are flexible but the wall of the arteries can become hard and this condition is called hardening of the arteries. You can learn more about this condition by enrolling in a course on first aid today.
Atherosclerosis is a form of arteriosclerosis and it is referred to the build-up of fats and cholesterol found in the artery walls or plaques which causes the restriction of blood flow. These plaques can erupt and will cause a blood clot.
Some symptoms of moderate to severe atherosclerosis will depend on arteries being affected such as the following:
- If a person has atherosclerosis found in the arteries leading to the brain, he/she will have symptoms like sudden numbness, weakness in the arms and legs, slurred speech and drooping muscles in the face.
- If the person have atherosclerosis found in the heart arteries, the symptoms are chest pain and pressure or angina.
- If the person has atherosclerosis found in the arteries of the arms and legs, the symptoms are peripheral artery disease like leg pain when walking.
- Atherosclerosis found in the arteries that lead to the kidney, there is high blood pressure or a kidney failure.
- An atherosclerosis found in the arteries that lead to the genitals can cause difficulty in having sex, erectile dysfunction and sometimes high blood pressure.
Causes of atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis can begin with damage or injury to the inner layer of an artery, and these damages can be caused by the following:
- High cholesterol and high blood pressure
- High triglycerides which is a type of fat or lipid found in the blood
- Smoking and other tobacco products
Some complications that can be caused by atherosclerosis is coronary artery disease that causes chest pain or angina, heart attack or heart failure. Carotid artery disease that leads to the narrowing of the arteries that is close to the brain and it can cause a stroke and peripheral artery disease which causes the narrowness of the arteries in the legs or arms.
Treatment and home remedies
- Smoking can cause damage to the arteries. Avoiding the use of tobacco is the best way to stop the progression of the atherosclerosis and will reduce the risk of complications.
- Perform some regular exercises in order to condition the muscles to use oxygen efficiently. Some physical activity can also improve circulation and development of new blood cells and helps lower the blood pressure and reduce the risk of diabetes.
- Eating healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains since they are low in saturated fats, cholesterol and sodium.
- Reduce the stress level by practicing healthy techniques for managing stress such as muscle relaxation and deep breathing.