Treatment for gout
Gout is a severe attack of pain, redness and soreness in the joints, usually at the bottom part of the big toe. Gout is a complex form of arthritis that can affect anyone but men are more susceptible while women can be affected after menopause. A severe attack of gout can cause interruption while sleeping at night with a sensation that the big toe is on fire. The affected area is inflamed; feels hot and even the weight of a sheet can cause pain. Proper management of gout is vital which is why enrolling in a first aid class today is a must.
Symptoms of gout are always acute that happens suddenly, usually at night time without warning such as the following:
- An intense joint pain that affects the big toe, but can also happen in the ankles, feet, hand, wrist and the knees. The pain is very severe in the first 12-24 hours after the pain starts.
- The affected areas of the joints are swelling, tender and red.
- After severe pain subsides, joint discomfort lingers that can last for a few days or weeks and future attacks can last longer and will affect other joints.
Gout happens when urate crystals accumulates in the joint that will cause inflammation and an intense attack of gout. When there is a high level of uric acid in the blood, urate crystals can form. The body produces uric acid when it breaks down purines which is a substance that are found in the body and also in foods like organ meats, anchovies, asparagus, mushrooms and herring.
Uric acids are dissolved in the blood and will pass through the kidneys and into the urine, but sometimes the body produces plenty of uric acid or the kidney excretes small amounts of uric acid, thus leading to the build-up of uric acid and forms sharp needle-like urate crystals in the joint or the surrounding tissues, causing pain, swelling and inflammation.
People suffering from gout can develop severe conditions such as recurrent gout, where a person experiences gout several times each year. Advanced gout is untreated gout that will cause urate deposit to form under the skin in nodules called tophi. It can happen in any part of the body like the hands, fingers, elbows, feet or Achilles tendons and at the rear of the ankle. Tophi do not cause pain, but it can swell and become warm during the gout attacks. People with gout can develop kidney stones where urate crystals may build-up in the urinary tract of the individual who has gout and will cause kidney stones.
Treatment and home remedies
- Drink at least 8-16 cups of fluids every day with half as water.
- Limit the intake of meat, fish and poultry to 4-6 ounces
- Eating moderate amounts of proteins like low-fat or fat-free dairy products, eggs, tofu and nut butters.
- Eat and drink foods that have low uric acid levels like coffee and cherries such as blueberries, blackberries, raspberries and purple grapes.
- Take supplements that contain Vitamin C since they can reduce the level of uric acid in the blood.
- Perform relaxation techniques like deep-breathing exercises and meditations since they can help take the mind off the pain.