Treatment for skin burns by boiling water
Skin burns caused by boiling water can result to scalding where layers of skin absorb the heat and tissues and cells are damaged. Scald burns are known to commonly occur in restaurants. Most skin burns are considered 1st and 2nd degree burns and a 3rd degree burn can develop with a prolonged contact.
Symptoms of skin burns by boiling water
First degree burn
- Dry, red and painful skin
- There is damage to the top layer of the skin
- The condition heals within 3-6 days without scarring
- Skin blanching or skin becomes white when it is pressed
Second degree burn
- Development of blisters
- Redness and fluids leak at the site of the burn
- Damage to the 2 layers of the skin but shallow damage can occur to the second layer.
- Skin blanching of the affected area
- Pain can be felt on the skin when touched gently and there are changes in temperature.
- The condition heals in 1-3 weeks with scarring or the skin may discolor which becomes lighter than the normal color of the skin.
Treatment for skin burns
- Clean properly the burned area using mild soap. Avoid using disinfectants such as hydrogen peroxide to prevent slowing down of the healing process.
- If clothes are stuck to the skin, avoid removing it. Simply cut the clothing except the part that is attached to the burned area. Apply cold packs or ice packs on the affected area for at least 2 minutes.
- Pour cold water on the scalded area to cool down the skin and dissolve the heat. Running water from a faucet or pan filled with cool water can be used. Cool the affected area with water for at least 10 minutes until the pain subsides. If water is not available, any harmless liquids is good for the condition.
- Apply a prescribed antibiotic ointment using a clean finger or a cotton ball to prevent infection. If there is an open wound, use non-stick gauze. Cover the wound using a bandage that does not stick to the affected area. Change the bandages at least 1-2 times every day and reapply the ointment.
- Avoid popping any blisters that develop in the affected area to prevent infections as well as making the condition worse.
- If the skin starts to itch during the healing process, avoid scratching it to prevent bacteria from entering into the cut that can lead to infections. Remember that skin burns are susceptible to infections. Apply aloe vera to minimize the itchiness of the skin.
- Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications like ibuprofen or acetaminophen to lessen pain and inflammation.