Ways of treating back spasms
Back spasms are an involuntary contraction or tensing of the lower back muscles. It is characterized with mild discomfort and gradually becomes severe and cause difficulty with movement. Back spasms are caused by torn or overworked muscles and result to inflammation. The inflammation causes the muscles to tighten and contract.
Symptoms of back spasms
- Shooting or stabbing pain
- Muscle ache
- Limited flexibility or range of movement of the back
- Pain that spreads down the leg
- Problems with bladder or bowel
- Pain that spreads down on legs, weakness, tingling or numbness sensations and unexplained loss of weight, needs to be treated immediately.
- Fall or heavy lifting
- Sudden awkward movement or repeated heavy lifting results to straining the spinal ligaments and muscles of the back.
- The disk that functions as cushion between the bones or vertebrae in the spine can bulge or rupture and can press on a nerve.
- Osteoarthritis causes narrowing of the space around the spinal cord called spinal stenosis.
- Abnormal curving of the spine or scoliosis. If the condition is severe, the spine curves to the side and cause back pain.
- The bones become porous and brittle and the vertebrae of the spine develop compression fracture. It is a condition called osteoporosis
- Take the prescribed muscle relaxants to lessen the severe pain and relaxes the muscles.
- Apply ice on the affected area. Put some ice cubes in a plastic bag. Wrap it in a towel or a thin cloth before placing to the area to lessen the inflammation and the pain. Another alternative is using a bag of frozen vegetable such as corn or peas are also good for the condition.
- Take the prescribed over-the-counter medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
- when laying in bed place a couple of pillows at the upper back to make it slightly inclined and place a pillow under the knee to lessen the stress on the lower back. Another alternative is sitting in a reclining chair and the legs supported and knees are bent slightly.
- Perform gentle exercise for the back by walking for at least 30 minutes or longer walks that can be tolerated to prevent making the muscles stiff and result to severe pain. It also increases flow of blood in the area and for fast healing of the condition.
- Apply heating pad and heat therapy on the area to lessen the pain and the spasms. Wrap heating pad or a hot water bottle in a towel and place on the area for at least 10-15 minutes to relieve of the pain and the spasms. Another alternative is taking a hot shower as hot that can be tolerated is also good for the condition.