Ways of treating middle back pain
Middle back pain usually happens due to strain on the muscles. It usually happens anywhere from the bottom of the neck to the bottom of the rib cage. The ribs are connected to a long and flat bone in the middle of the chest called the sternum and is attached and wrapped around the back. If a nerve is pinched, injured and irritated in this part, it will cause pain in other area such as the legs, chest, arms and the belly.
Causes of middle back pain
- Vehicular accidents or sports injuries
- Poor posture
- Muscle strain
- Sudden movement of the back
- Medical conditions such as Paget disease, osteoporosis, osteomyelitis, pain in the thoracic back due to osteoarthritis and pain in the back due to spinal degeneration
- Scoliosis, causes formation of curvature in the spine
- Kyposis, abnormal formation of curvature in the upper area of the spine which eventually becomes rounded at the top and result to a shape of a hump.
- Muscle spasms due to dehydration and pain
- The disk that cushions the spine breaks and puts plenty of pressure on the nerves and result to pain or called herniated disk
- Spinal tumor
- Spinal fracture
- Depression, a disorder in which a person feels very low in mood
- Anxiety, a feeling as it things are getting out of control.
- Persistent fatigue despite the amount of resting
- Fever, nausea and vomiting
- Stiffness of the back especially upon waking up in the morning and becomes relieved with stretching the back
- Erythema and tenderness with swelling of the back
- Sleeping difficulties
- Take a rest if the area causes pain. Return to activities gradually to prevent stiffness and weakness of the muscles and avoid performing activities that causes severe pain and worsen the condition.
- Take the prescribed over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications to lessen the swelling and the pain.
- Apply heat or ice on the affected area. Heat can be in the form of a heating pad and placed on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the pain and the stiffness. Apply ice pack on the area to lessen the swelling and the pain. Another alternative is applying heat or ice alternately is good for the condition. Avoid ice or heat directly on the skin.
- Consult a physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises to stretch and strengthen the muscles of the back, the shoulders and the stomach which supports the spine. It will also improve the posture and balance the body. It will also lessen the risk of injuries and reduce the pain.