All about plantar fascia strain
Plantar fascia is a strong band of the ligament tissue connecting the heel with the toes. Its main function is to support the arch of the foot. Its injury is considered one of the most common causes of the pain in the heel region. The straining of the plantar fascia can cause a serious problem as standing and walking becomes difficult. It can be said as the continuation of the Achilles tendon that reaches the toes supporting the whole foot. The strain on plantar fascia also causes it to become inflamed, weak, irritated and swollen. The main problem is hurting when you put load on the affected foot.
The athletes and the middle-aged people are more prone to get strain on their plantar fascia. The people who have professional restriction of standing for long time like soldier also get plantar fascia strain more often than others.
What causes strain on plantar fascia?
- The main causes of the plantar fascia straining are:
- Flat feet
- High arches
- Excessive pronation of foot
- Walking on hard surfaces
- Standing or running for longer periods
- Ill-fitted shoes
- Tight calf muscles
Signs of plantar fascia strain:
Pain is usually the most important symptom in case of straining of plantar fascia. It hurts to walk if plantar fascia is strained. Some major signs and symptoms are:
- Pain on walking
- Nodular elevation on the sole
- Bruising of heel or sole
Getting a past medical history, asking the patient about the recent physical activities and inspecting the sole of foot is sufficient to make a diagnosis most of the times. Imaging techniques like X-rays might be required if some problem with bones is suspected.
How to treat plantar fascia strain?
In most cases, the home remedies and conventional treatment tips are good enough to treat the problem. Following are the medical tips and cures to take to relieve the problem:
- Give your feet rest and walk less so that straining does not progress to tearing of the plantar fascia and healing gets faster.
- For immediate relief of pain, take painkillers. Anti-inflammatory drugs are also of great help to reduce the inflammatory substances and boost up the healing process.
- Apply ice cubes or soak your foot in the iced water that will cause numbness and relieve pain and will also help to reduce the swelling to great extent.
- Stretching exercises are great to make the healing faster once the inflammation is resolved and pain intensity has decreased.
- Massaging the foot is a great technique to get a soothing effect and a rapid cure.
- Get rid of the old ill fitting shoes and great some good, soft, comfortable and size matching shoes to prevent and cure the problem.
- Using the orthotics or shoe inserts provide a great support to the arch of the feet and plantar fascia gets less stress and remains safe and healthy.
- Give a visit to a doctor or a physiotherapist to get help if the pain and swelling persists after using the conventional methods.