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Febrile seizure

Fever convulsions typically occur with fever and absence of brain and spinal cord infection. It is also called as a febrile seizure which can occur in children between 3 months to 6 years of age.

A febrile seizure is a convulsion in children that is caused by a rise in temperature caused by infections. It is a unique response of the brain to fever and usually manifest on the first day of the fever. In most cases, a febrile seizure is harmless and does not always indicate an underlying health condition. A seizure that lasts less than 15 minutes is called as simple convulsion. In case there are multiple seizures with convulsions that lasts for a longer time, it is called a complex seizure.

Symptoms of febrile seizure


The child has a fever of higher than 100.4 degrees F (38 degrees C).

  • The child has a fever of higher than 100.4 degrees F (38 degrees C).
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Shaking and jerking of the arms and legs

Causes of febrile seizures in children

  • A febrile convulsion can be caused by viral infection which involves a severe rise in the temperature.
  • Fever seizure is quite common in male as well as children with a family history of febrile convulsion.
  • In most circumstances, a febrile seizure occurs in the first stage of the illness, especially the first 24 hours.
  • A child has febrile seizure when he/she is suffering from upper respiratory tract caused by a virus, an infection of the ear as well as gastroenteritis.
  • A child suffering from epilepsy can experience seizures. Epilepsy causes abnormal functioning of the brain.
  • Trauma of the head causes jarring of the brain inside the skull and can result into seizures.
  • A child suffering from a progressive brain disease can lead to the development of a seizure as the disease becomes severe and the intensity of the seizures also increases.
  • Children who were born with certain conditions such as Down’s syndrome, Angelman’s syndrome and autism face a higher risk to experience seizures.

Treatment and home remedies of febrile seizures

  • During the seizure, do not put anything into the mouth of the person since it can cause further injury.
  • Loosen the clothing of the individual or child especially around the neck.
  • If the individual or child vomits or has froth in the mouth, turn on one side, in order to help the person breathe easily as well as prevent the vomitus from entering the air passages.
  • Sponge immediately the body of the individual in order to lower down the body temperature.
  • After the convulsion has subsided and the child is fully awake, provide the individual with the prescribed antipyretic medications given by the doctor.
  • Always bear in mind that a febrile seizure stops within a few minutes, but if the seizures last for more than 10 minutes or have repeated episodes, it is best to seek medical help immediately.

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