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First Aid for Foreign Body in the Eye

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If something enters the eye from outside body it is called foreign body in the eye.  It will most likely disturb the cornea or the conjunctiva. The protective covering of the front of the eye is called cornea while the mucous membrane that covers white of the eye is the conjunctiva.

What are the symptoms of foreign object in the eye?

You are most likely to experience the following if you have a foreign object in the eye:

  • Discomfort
  • Pain in the eye
  • Excessive blinking
  • Intense tearing of the eye
  • Redness in the eye
  • Sensation that something is in your eye
First Aid for Foreign Body in the Eye

The protective covering of the front of the eye is called cornea while the mucous membrane that covers white of the eye is the conjunctiva.

The Causes of Foreign Object in the Eye

Dirt and sand fragments usually enter the eye because of wind. Foreign bodies can be caused of our everyday activities. Common types of foreign objects in the eye are the following:

  • Eyelashes
  • Sawdust
  • Dried Mucus
  • Sand
  • Cosmetics
  • Contact lenses
  • Dirt
  • Glass shards
  • Metal particles


Home care

If you are doubtful that you have a foreign body in your eye, it’s essential to get treatment immediately to avoid infection and possible damage on vision. Do the following:

  • Avoid rubbing or putting pressure on the eye
  • Do not use utensils or implements on the surface of the eye.

If you are uncertain that you have foreign body in the eye, or helping someone who has one, do the following stages before starting any home care:

  • Wash your hands.
  • Look at the affected eye in an area with bright light.
  • To examine the eye and find the object, look up while pulling the lower lid down. Follow this by looking down.

The efficient technique for removing a foreign object from the eye will vary according to the type of object you’re trying to eliminate and where it’s located in the eye.

Prevention from foreign object of the eye

Among the most important external and among our most susceptible organ is the eyes.  It is much more delicate to abrasion and contact with foreign substances. These safety considerations are simple and easy to adopt on a daily basis.


  • Prepare well-lit surroundings whenever you read, write, or involve in any activity that requires prolonged use of the eyes. If needed, wear eyeglasses or contacts of the accurate prescription.
  • Always wear proper eye shield. Take special care when occupied with chemicals or alluring in hobbies involving small pieces of material.
  • Prevent from looking directly at the sun, especially during an eclipse.
  • Wash your hands after using any chemicals to prevent rubbing them into your eyes.
  • Have a regular eye examination.
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