How to Manage a Throbbing Migraines
Migraines are headaches that are often described as throbbing, pounding, or pulsating. These headaches typically occur only on one side of the head but may also occur on both sides, and even the whole head. It is not uncommon for migraines to transfer from one side to another. Women are said to experience migraines three times more common than men.
Migraines are the second most common kind of primary headaches, or headaches that are caused by an irritation or inflammation of the tissues found in the head. As opposed to tension headaches, another kind of primary headache, a person suffering from migraines hinders the person from pursuing activities due to the pain.
Four Phases of Migraines
Not everyone experiences the phases migraines. The four phases of migraines are as follows:
- Often an indicator that a migraine headache is about o happen
- Symptoms may manifest as early as 24 hours before the onset of the migraine
- Symptoms include:
- Physical signs: thirst, diarrhea
- Altered mental state: confusion, irritability
- A subjective sensation that precedes the onset of a migraine episode
- Usually lasts for an hour
- Symptoms include seeing bright flashing lights or dots, blind spots or jagged/ wavy lines
- The actual throbbing pain of migraine
- May last from a few hours to a few days
- Post migraine attack
- Some symptoms may persist even 24 hours after the attack, such as, deep fatigue and overall malaise
Causes of Migraines
The exact cause of migraine is still undetermined. However, it is hypothesized to be related genes that regulate the activity of the cells. The cause may vary from one person to another. The following may trigger migraines in adults and even young children
- Lack of sleep
- Lack of food
- Certain scents
- Light exposure
- In women specifically, hormonal changes that may be due to menstrual cycle or taking drugs such as birth control pills
Associated Symptoms of Migraines
The severe pains brought about by migraines are usually associated with other symptoms. These symptoms may be aggravated by engaging even in normal activities, such as walking.
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to scents
- Sensitivity to noise
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
First Aid Management for Migraines
There are certain medications available to help present migraines or at least relieve the symptoms. The following first aid tips can be learned by enrolling in First Aid Courses:
- Take over-the-counter pain medications, such as, paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin. However, aspirin are not recommended for children.
- Try to determine what triggers the migraine and avoid these triggers.
- Treat symptoms of migraine immediately to avoid worsening the headache.
- Rest in a dark, quiet room.
- Remove self from stressful environments.
- Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
- Place a cool compress over the forehead.
Migraines are throbbing, pounding or pulsating headaches that typically occur on one side of the head. They are recurring.