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How to treat a toothache

Toothache is a common problem faced by every person every now and then. Toothaches happen suddenly and cause severe discomfort and affects quality of life. Toothache is usually caused by tooth decay. Bacteria found in the mouth grow well in sugar and starches from food being eaten. The bacteria will develop a sticky plaque that attaches to the surface of the teeth. These bacteria can enter through the hard white coating of the outer part of the teeth or the enamel and forms a cavity. The first symptom of tooth decay is a sensation of pain when eating something very cold or hot and sweet.

Causes of toothache

  • Gum disease
  • Infection
  • Grinding teeth or bruxism
  • Trauma to the tooth
  • Abnormal bite
  • Tooth eruption usually in babies and school-aged children

    Pain on the teeth and jaws can be a symptom of diseases of the heart such as angina.

  • Sinus or infection of the ear and tension in the facial muscles
  • Pain on the teeth and jaws can be a symptom of diseases of the heart such as angina.
  • The inside part of the tooth which has nerves and tissue becomes irritated.


  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • Pain when biting
  • Fever
  • A foul-tasting discharge
  • Continuous lasting pain
  • Swelling around the affected area


  • Rinse the mouth using lukewarm saltwater. Mix ½ teaspoon of table salt in 100 ml of water and boil it until the salt is totally dissolved. Rinse the mouth using this solution several times every day. Salt is a germicide that eliminates germs in the teeth and also removes any particles of food that are stuck in the teeth that causes discomfort and pain.
  • Rinse the mouth using 3% hydrogen peroxide to eliminates germs found in the mouth.
  • Mix powdered ginger and cayenne with few drops of water until it becomes a paste. Apply the paste on the affected tooth for at least a few minutes and rinse it thoroughly using plain water. These spices are effective in reducing the toothache.
  • Wrap a few ice cubes in a towel and apply it on the swollen mouth for a few minutes. The cold compress numbs the pain caused by the toothache.
  • Dip a cotton ball in clove oil and place it on the affected tooth. Clove numbs the nerve that causes pain on the tooth.
  • Apply benzocaine or other anesthetic pain medication on the tooth to minimize the pain.
  • Pour a small amount of sesame oil into the mouth and rinse for at least 3 minutes.


  • Maintain proper oral hygiene by brushing the teeth regularly at least 2 times every day and use an antimicrobial rinse for the mouth before going to bed at night.
  • Avoid eating candies and sweets to minimize the decay of the tooth.
  • Maintain regular dental checkups.

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