How to treat broken ankle and foot
A broken ankle and broken foot is a common injury. Fractures of a broken ankle and foot can range from tiny cracks in the bones to a break that pierces the skin. Treatment will depend on the site and severity of the fracture. A very severe broken ankle will require surgery including the placement of implants plates, rods or screws into the broken bone in order to maintain proper position during the healing process. You can learn ways to manage this injury by registering for first aid training today.
Symptoms of broken ankle and foot
- There is swelling, bruising and pain that increases when doing activity and decreases when resting
- A quick and throbbing pain
- There is tenderness and deformity in the affected area
- Difficulty in walking or bearing weight and problems getting a shoe on and off the feet.
At the time of the injury, a snap can be heard, that means something has broken but these snapping sound or feelings cannot be always a sign of fracture. If the swelling lasts for more than two to three days and there is pain when walking, it’s time to seek medical help.
Causes of broken ankle and foot
Some common causes of broken ankle and foot such as car accidents that result in crushing injury may cause a break and requires a surgical repair. Accidentally tripping and falling can cause a break in the bones of the ankles or feet, dropping something heavy on the foot can cause a broken foot or ankle.
Broken ankle and foot can also be caused by stubbing a toe on furniture or a hard surface, twisting an ankle can cause a sprain or broken ankle, it can be caused by some conditions like osteoporosis and stress fracture such as repetitive force or overuse like running long distances.
Treatment and home remedies
- First, minimize the swelling by elevating the ankle or foot higher than the heart so that blood and fluid will drain away from the affected area and promote faster healing. Make sure to keep it elevated for the first two to three weeks.
- Minimize the swelling by applying ice packs on the affected area every 15-20 minutes for the initial one to two days, even if the foot of the individual has a cast, just wrap the ice bag or compress in a towel to make the cast dry.
- Using some herbs and compounds can help in the healing like comfrey since it promotes cell growth when used externally. Just remember that it should not be given to pregnant or nursing women.
- Another herb used for bone healing is teasel root which helps the hormones that build new bones.
- Avoid smoking since smoking can delay the healing process.
- Eating foods like non-fat yogurt, sardines, collard greens and skim milk are foods that help in the healing of a broken bone.