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How to treat prepatellar bursitis

Prepatellar bursitis is also known as housemaid’s knee which is the inflammation of the bursa sac found between the patella which is the knee cap and tendon that covers the knee. It is also accompanied by swelling and difficulty in moving the knee.

The prepatellar bursitis can be caused by prolonged kneeling that triggers redness, swelling, warmth, tingling sensation and extreme sensitivity. Bursitis is not painful like arthritis of the knee, but it can be mistaken as arthritis. A direct hit in front of the knee can also cause prepatellar bursitis such as in football and wrestling where there is a direct blow or fall on the knees.

Prepatellar bursitis can also be caused by a bacterial infection. If there is a break in the skin like an insect bite, a scrape or punctured wound, the bacteria can enter the bursa sac and cause an infection. People with the conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or gout are more susceptible to prepatellar bursitis.

Another symptom of bursitis is stiffness and the range of the knees is not affected.

Prepatellar bursitis

The prepatellar bursitis can be caused by prolonged kneeling that triggers redness, swelling, warmth, tingling sensation and extreme sensitivity.

A distinct feature of prepatellar bursitis involves swelling and inflammation in which the bursa is filled with blood. As for jumper’s knee or as infrapatellar bursitis, the bursa under the knees swell and the addition of extreme pressure to the tendons found around the knee can cause pain.

Treatment of prepatellar bursitis

·         A person suffering from prepatellar bursitis should rest the affected knee, and avoiding engaging in activities that involves excessive bending of the knees.

·         When using the knee for doing work, you have to apply knee pads when the person needs to kneel.

·         Resting and cushioning the knee minimizes swelling and inflammation of the affected bursa and continue using pads until the pain and swelling caused by bursitis has improved.

·         Apply ice compress on the affected knee after an activity such as leaning using the knee or during the attack of the symptoms. Ice causes shrinkage of blood vessels in the knee which reduces the swelling.  Ice can also cause numbness to the irritated nerves in the prepatellar bursa which minimizes the pain.  Apply ice compress to the affected area for 20 minutes and can be repeated throughout the day. If you want to learn the benefits of ice, click here.

Prevention of prepatellar bursitis

·         Maintaining a flexible muscle thigh and reduce the amount of time spent in a kneeling position. Apply ice compress after excessive kneeling position to avoid inflammation.

·         Take a rest break during periods of bending or kneeling. An appropriate balance between resting and activity should be practiced.

·         Wear knee pads when the person uses the knee for working and participating in some contact sports such as basketball, football or wrestling.

·         Rest the knees regularly by stopping and perform a simple exercise like stretching the legs.

·         Applying ice and elevating the knees after doing a workout.

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