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Managing Painful Menstrual Period

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Dysmenorrhea or painful period is a common menstrual disorder that causes pain during menstruation. It is also known as menstrual cramps. It usually initiates around the time that menstruation begins. It happens less often in those who exercise regularly, also to those who have children early in life. It is projected to occur in 20% to 90% of women of reproductive age.

During menstruation, pain, cramps and discomfort are normal. Pain can be usually being felt in the lower abdomen or back with mild to severe pain.


What Causes Painful Menstruation?

Particular women are at risk for having painful menstrual periods. Risk factors include:


  • Smoking
  • Women with irregular periods
  • Never having had a baby
  • Women who experienced early puberty, specifically puberty before the age of 11
  • Women with family history of Painful Periods.
  • Women being under age of 20
Painful menstrual period

Pain can be usually being felt in the lower abdomen or back with mild to severe pain.

Symptoms naturally last less than three days. Aside from pain in the pelvis or lower abdomen, back pain, diarrhea and nausea can also be one of the symptoms of dysmenorrhea.


Contractions can cause pain and inflammation. Women with higher levels of prostaglandins may encounter more severe menstrual cramping and pain.


Tender menstrual periods can be the cause of a core medical illness, like:


  • Endometriosis (a painful medical condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus produce in other parts of the body)
  • Noncancerous tumors
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease. An infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries commonly caused by sexually transmitted infections
  • An occasional disorder in which the uterine lining grows into the muscular wall of the uterus
  • Cervical stenosis. a rare illness in which the cervix is so small it slows menstrual flow
  • Intrauterine devices made of copper are also connected on increasing pain during menstruation.


Unexpected cramping or pelvic pain can be signs of infection. Untreated infection will cause scar tissue that harms the pelvic organs and may lead to infertility. If you have symptoms of an infection, seek quick medical attention. Symptoms include:

  • fever
  • severe pelvic pain
  • sudden pain, particularly if you are pregnant
  • foul-smell of the vaginal discharge


Home Treatment

Relieving pain at home may be successful. This includes:

  • Use heating pad on your pelvic
  • Massage the abdomen
  • Take a warm bath
  • Have a regular exercise
  • Have a yoga
  • Take anti-inflammatory medicines before expected period
  • Reduce salt intake, alcohol, caffeine and sugar
  • Raise your legs
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