Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are usual symptoms that can be caused by wide range of factors. It can occur among children and adults, also to some pregnant women and persons undergoing treatments.
Vomiting is irrepressible reflex that ejects the contents of the stomach through the mouth while nausea is a word that describes the feeling to vomit but not actually vomiting.
What causes Nausea and Vomiting?
Nausea and vomiting may happen together or separately. Physical and psychological conditions can also be the factors considered to experience this.
Nausea causes intense pain that comes usually from an injury or illness and the first trimester of pregnancy. There are also common causes, such as:
- emotional stress
- motion sickness
- exposure to chemical toxins
- food poisoning
Vomiting among children
Viral infections and food poisoning are the most common causes of vomiting. These are some factors that cause vomiting:
- Severe motion sickness
- High fever
Nausea and vomiting are not diseases; however these are the symptoms of many conditions such as:
- Medication-induced vomiting
- Early stage of pregnancy
- Emotional Stress
- Heart Attack
- Infections such as stomach flu
Upon appearing shortly after a meal, these may be caused by food poisoning, ulcer, or gastritis.
Treat nausea or vomiting if your care provider had already found the cause. Proper intake of recommended medication, change of diet or trying out new things to feel better can be a treatment. Always provide the body enough fluids. Drink frequently small amounts of clear liquids.
These are the following that can help treat motion sickness:
- Lying down
- Using scopolamine skin patches
- Taking over the counter antihistamines
Prevent Nausea and Vomiting
Avoid nausea by eating lesser meals throughout the day, eat slowly and rest after eating. If nauseated, eat plain crackers and consume a high protein food, like cheese and lean meat before sleeping.
Avoid vomiting by drinking small amounts of sugary liquids. Drink or eat ginger to settle the stomach. Prevent acidic juices that may upset stomach further.
Medications such as meclizine and dimenhydrinate can help lessen the effects of motion sickness.
Seek Emergency Help
Immediate medical care is needed if experiences any of the following symptoms:
- Stiff neck
- Severe headache
- Rapid Breath
- Blood in the vomit
- Severe abdominal pain