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Periorbital edema

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Periorbital edema is the swelling and puffiness around the margin of the sockets of the eye or orbits due to accumulation of fluid in the area.

The swelling around the eye happens suddenly or acute or just develop for a long period of time due to existing medical condition and aging.

Causes of periorbital edema

  • Deprivation of sleep or excessive sleeping
  • “kissing disease” which can be spread through saliva
  • Problems with excess fluids which result to accumulation in other areas of the body including the orbits of the eye.
  • Excessive eating of salty foods
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Smoking which result to hormonal imbalances
  • Acute allergic reactions caused by pollen, allergens, chemicals and animal hairs
  • Crying
    Periorbital edema

    Mild to severe inflammation around the orbit of the eye.

  • Skin disorders such as dermatitis
  • Natural process of aging which result to losing water in the body.
  • Periorbital cellulitis which is the inflammation and infection of the eyelid
  • Chagas disease, a parasitic disease due to kissing bugs or triatomines.
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Trichinosis, a condition due to eating raw pork meat infected by roundworm.
  • Nephrotic syndrome, due to abnormal functioning of the kidneys.
  • Dysfunctional tear glands
  • Shortness of breath and swallowing difficulties

Symptoms

  • Eye bruising
  • Mild to severe inflammation around the orbit of the eye
  • Redness and inflammation of the eye orbit
  • Damaged vision caused by severe inflammation
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Proptosis or bulging of the eyeball
  • Excessive production of tears
  • Inflammation of the white portion of the eye
  • Eyelid retraction which prevent closure of eyelid caused by excessive inflammation.
  • Severe pain with eye movements
  • Itchiness of the eye or burning sensations
  • Fever, general malaise, vomiting and nausea
  • Tenderness of the lymph nodes

Treatment

  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration. Water flushes out toxins in the body through sweating and urination and lessens the swelling of the body.
  • Apply a cold compress on the area by immersing a face towel in cold water, squeeze out the excess water and then apply it directly on the area for a minimum of 10-15 minutes to reduce the pain and the swelling. Another alternative is splashing cold water around the affected area. Place a cold stainless steel spoon. Place the rounded side of the spoon to the affected eye for at least 10-15 minutes is good for the condition.
  • Prescribed adrenaline or epinephrine if there are anaphylactic reactions such as difficulty in breathing and swallowing.
  • Corticosteroid taken orally or topically to lessen the inflammation, the swelling and improve the symptoms.
  • Prescribed anti-inflammatory medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Fill a cup with cold water, add ½ teaspoon salt. Mix well until salt is totally dissolved. Soak cotton pads in the saltwater solution, and place to the area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the swelling and the pain.
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