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Remedies for blepharitis

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Blepharitis is an eye disorder that causes the eyelid becoming inflamed and swollen due to bacteria in the eyelashes. It causes pain, irritations and itchiness. Sometimes it can cause problems with vision and eye tissue inflammation. This condition is associated with health problems such as rosacea, dry eyes and scalp dandruff.

Types of blepharitis

  • Anterior blepharitis – affects the outer and front area of the eyelids due to mites, bacteria and dandruff that spreads to the eyelashes.
  • Posterior blepharitis – affects the inner eyelid which has a direct contact with the eye. It is associated with Meibomian gland The small oil glands lining the margin of the eyelids are closed and result to reduced secretion of oil. The area becomes irritated and crusty.

Symptoms of blepharitis

blepharitis

Blepharitis is an eye disorder that causes the eyelid becoming inflamed and swollen due to bacteria in the eyelashes.

  • Irritation and redness of the eyes
  • Burning sensations
  • Tearing
  • Sticking eyelids
  • Blurred vision
  • Some eyelashes are missing
  • Flakes or scales forms at the bottom of the eyelashes
  • Inflammation of the eye tissue especially the cornea
  • Hard crust form on the eyelashes

Causes

  • Anterior blepharitis is caused by staph bacteria and due to poor hygiene. Bacteria grow in the folds and crevices of the eyelids.
  • Allergies or mite infestation of the eyelids. Eyelash mites are known as demodex.
  • Posterior blepharitis affects stability of the tears and cause dry eyes.
  • Ocular rosacea and scalp dandruff causes posterior blepharitis

Treatment

  • Use prescribed artificial tears or lubricating ointments to lessen irritation and the pain on the eyes and eyelids.
  • Use the prescribed topical and systemic anti-inflammatory medication to lessen symptoms of ocular rosacea.
  • Prescribed corticosteroid to lessen the symptoms of the condition
  • Apply warm compress to loosen the formation of crust, for proper flow of blood in the area and for fast healing of the condition. Soak a clean washcloth in warm water. Wring out excess water and then place the washcloth on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes for fast drainage, lessen the pain, the inflammation and for fast healing of the condition. Another alternative is soaking a cotton pad in mild shampoo mixed with little water. Use the cotton pad to massage the affected eyelashes to loosen the flakes. Once the eyelashes become dry, utilize a cotton swab in removing the flakes. Repeat the process daily until crust or the flakes stop forming.
  • Perform blinking exercises for the eyes to increase secretion of oil of the meibomian glands to prevent development of dry eye and symptoms of blepharitis.

Tips

  • Avoid rubbing the eyes with unclean hands.
  • Wash gently the eyelids using warm water and mild natural soap.
  • When applying makeup or using contact lenses, wash hands properly before touching the areas.
  • Use moisturizers that do not contain chemicals and less irritation on the skin such as coconut oil and lavender.
  • Change eye makeup every six months especially the mascara.
  • Treat scalp dandruff immediately to prevent spreading to the face and the eyes.
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