Remedies for heat exhaustion
Heat exhaustion is a condition where the body becomes overheated during summer and result to accelerated pulse rate and excessive sweating. Overexposure to high temperatures and high humidity and performing vigorous exercises can also result to heat exhaustion. This condition can result to heatstroke which is a dangerous condition if not properly treated.
- Dark-colored urine which is a symptom of dehydration
- Confusion or disorientation
- Headache or dizziness
- Excessive sweating
- Fast heartbeat
- Muscle and abdominal cramps
- Pale or flushed skin
- Bring the affected person to a cool place such as air conditioned building or a shade. If those places are not available, put the person in front of an electric fan. Keep the person indoor or in a cool areas for several hours.
- Apply cool compress to the back of the neck and wrist to lower the temperature of the body. Soak a clean towel in cool water and apply it on the affected areas. Another alternative is placing ice cubes in a plastic bag and wrap it in a towel before placing to the area to prevent further damage and delays the healing.
- Loose or remove tight fitting clothing and any excess clothing for proper flow of air through the clothes. Do not remove any clothing if there is blistering and sunburns unless needed.
- Lay down the affected person and elevate the legs above the level of the heart. Raise the area in couple of pillows to keep it elevated. If the person is disoriented and feeling dizzy lower the elevation until he/she is comfortable.
- Drink plenty of water to replenish loss of fluids during sweating and prevent dehydration. Drink cool water to help cool down the temperature of the body. Another alternative is drinking sports drinks to replenish electrolytes and keep the body well hydrated. Avoid caffeinated and alcoholic drinks to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
- Soak a sponge in cool water and then rub it over the head or fill a spray bottle with cool water and then spray the affected person with it to cool down the temperature of the body. Take a cool shower or soaking in a bathtub filled with cool water is another option in cooling down the body.
- If the person becomes unconscious, problems with breathing and heart rate and a fever above 104 F which are the symptoms of a serious condition, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR
- Always wear hats when going out under the sun especially if susceptible to heat conditions.
- Bring water bottles to keep the body hydrated in warm condition and under the sun.
- If experiencing the symptoms of heat exhaustion, get away from the sun, hydrate the body and take a rest.
Disclaimer / More Information
The material posted on this page on heat exhaustion is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the signs and how it is managed by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.