Treating glandular fever and rash
Glandular fever is also known as mononucleosis which is an infectious disease that can be transmitted through saliva which is also called the “kissing disease”. Glandular fever can be transmitted by sneezing or coughing, but it is not a serious condition as with the common cold viruses. The condition is accompanied by a pinkish skin rash throughout the body and becomes worse if the affected person is taking antibiotics.
Children below 3 years old and young adults are more susceptible to glandular fever. The disease can be caused by the Epstein-Barr virus which is a member of the herpes virus family that becomes dormant even if the symptoms are minimized. The incubation period for glandular fever ranges from 4-8 weeks after exposure to the virus. Symptoms of the fever are less severe in children or they have no symptoms or a mild-flu like illness only. Older people can have severe symptoms and can persist for weeks or even for several months.
Symptoms of glandular fever
- Mental and physical fatigue or general weakness
- Fever and chills
- Loss of appetite
- After 2 to 3 days, the affected person experiences headache, fever, swollen glands in the neck, groin and the armpit.
- Sore throat with enlarged tonsils
- Headache and pain in the eye which can be felt at the occipital area of the head
- Some people have swollen and puffy eyes
If experiencing unusual or severe symptoms, seek medical help immediately.
Some people eventually heal within 2-4 weeks, but due to severe fatigue, it can last for several months.
- Take plenty of rest if there is fever and feeling tired.
- Take the prescribed pain medication for relieving sore throat and lessen the fever.
- Drink plenty of fluids especially water and fruit juices to keep the body well hydrated.
- Avoid performing vigorous physical activities until fully healed.
- Avoid playing contact sports for a few weeks to prevent damage to the spleen which becomes enlarged due to glandular fever.
- Apply a cold compress if experiencing pain especially on the eye to lessen the pain.
- Dissolve aspirin in water and then gargle this solution for a few minutes to relieve sore throat. Avoid giving aspirin on children below 16 years of age.
- Consume smaller meals at least 4-5 times every day especially when there is loss of appetite. Sip light broths and soups and eat fresh salads that has alfalfa sprouts to provide the body with extra mineral and vitamins
- Avoid sharing of personal belongings such as toothbrushes, towels, food and drinks.
- Practice good oral hygiene by washing hands frequently before eating, cooking and after using the bathroom.
- Cover the mouth especially when sneezing and coughing.
- Avoid kissing or direct contact with infected people