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Vertigo and Its Causes

Vertigo is a perception of feeling off balance. If dizzy spell is present, the feeling of spinning or the world around is spinning. Even children try to make a sense of vertigo by spinning around for a period of time. This kind vertigo lasts for a few minutes and disappears. When vertigo happens suddenly or a result of injury it tends to last for a couple of hours or even days before resolving.

Causes of Vertigo

These are the common sickness that results in vertigo, the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Ménière’s disease, and labyrynthitis. Less common causes are stroke, brain injury, brain tumor, migraines and multiple sclerosis.

Physiologic vertigo happens after being exposed to motion for a prolonged period such as on a ship or spinning with closed eyes. Toxin exposures such as to alcohol, aspirin or carbon monoxide may also include too.

Other causes:

Vertigo and its Causes

When vertigo happens suddenly or a result of injury it tends to last for a couple of hours or even days before resolving.

Symptoms of Vertigo

The change of the position of the head often triggers vertigo. These feeling like are normally experienced by persons with vertigo:

  • Tilting
  • Swaying
  • Unbalanced
  • Pulled to one direction
  • Spinning

Other symptoms may also accompany vertigo such as:

  • Vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Nauseated

These symptoms can last few minutes to few hours.

Treatment for Vertigo

In several cases, medicines can give relief to symptoms such as nausea, or motion sickness that is associated with vertigo.

A vertigo caused by an infection or inflammation, steroids or antibiotics can help reduce swelling and cure the infection.

In Meniere’s disease, water pills may be recommended to reduce pressure from fluid build-up.

Surgery may also be recommended for vertigo. If it is caused by a severe underlying condition like tumor or injury to the brain or neck, treatment for these problems can help to lessen the vertigo.


Medicines can be used to solve episodes of vertigo that are caused by vestibular neuronitis or Meniere’s disease. Also, these are used for central vertigo or for vertigo with unknown cause.

These following medicines are normally prescribed;

  • Prochlorperazine – Prochlorperazine can help cure severe nausea and vomiting linked with vertigo. It works by hindering the effect of a chemical in the brain called dopamine. It can also make people feel sleepy.

Antihistamines – Antihistamines can be used to help treat less severe nausea, vomiting and vertigo symptoms. They are blocking the effects of chemical called histamine.


Possible antihistamines that can be prescribed include:

  • cinnarizine
  • cyclizine
  • promethazine teoclate


In case these medicines are successful treating the symptoms, supply to keep at home may be given so that it can be taken for the next time vertigo attacks.


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