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Ways of treating urinary tract infections

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Urinary tract infections are a bacterial infection in the urinary system. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, bladder, ureters which are tubes from the kidneys to the bladder and urethra, are tubes carrying the urine out of the body from the bladder. A UTI in the kidney is called pyelonephritis and if it happens in the bladder it is known as cystitis.

Symptoms

  • Frequent strong urges to urinate but small amounts of urine is passing out and a sensation that the bladder is not completely emptied.
  • Burning pain when urinating
    urinary tract infections

    Pain in the upper back and side area of the body.

  • Urine becomes cloudy, dark, concentrated and foul-smelling
  • The urine can be milky and a tinge of blood
  • Discomforts in the lower abdomen or a sensation of severe pressure in the pelvic area.
  • Bladder spasms
  • Low grade fever
  • Chills or shaking if kidneys are affected.
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • General malaise
  • Pain in the upper back and side area of the body.

Causes

  • The infection is caused by bacteria known as E. coli, present in the gut
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Urine blockage or incontinence caused by the enlargement of the prostate or formation of urinary tract stones.
  • Dehydration and slow emptying of the bladder

Treatment of urinary tract infections

  • Take the prescribed antibiotic to lessen the pain and the symptoms. Drink plenty of water to flush out bacteria that causes the infections. Women should drink at least 91 ounces of water and men 125 ounces every day that includes water from food.
  • Empty the bladder frequently to prevent the fast growth of bacteria in the lining of the bladder. It also lessens the damage caused on the tissues due to high concentration of urine.
  • Take pelvic sitz bath to relieve of the discomforts and the pain caused by the condition. Fill bathtub filled with warm water, add ¼ cup of Epsom salt mix them well. Soak in the water until it covers the pelvic area, or the upper thighs and lower abdomen. Another alternative is sitting alternately in hot and cold water. Start soaking in warm water for at least 5-8 minutes and move to a cold tub and soak for at least 1 minute. Repeat this process until the pain is reduced.
  • Apply heat in the abdomen for at least 25-30 minutes to lessen the pain and the pressure-like sensations in the pelvic area. Wrap heating pad in a towel before placing to the area to prevent burns and worsen the condition. Heat increase blood circulation in the area and lessen the inflammation.

Tips

  • Maintain proper hygiene to prevent development of UTI.
  • After defecating, wipe the area from front to back to lessen the risk of bacteria from the bowels to enter the urethra.
  • Changing sanitary napkins regularly
  • Avoid bubble baths and using perfumed products to prevent development of infections.
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